You or someone you know may have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes this video will help you understand what it is and why is it important to keep it under control Type 1 diabetes is a condition where your pancreas makes little or no insulin insulin is a chemical in your body to keep your blood sugar at a normal level. Carbohydrates are substances your body uses to make energy. after you eat food that contains carbohydrates it eventually goes to your small intestine. in your small intestine the food is broken down into single sugar molecules called glucose. the cells in your small intestine soak up the sugers which pass into your bloodstream When the blood reaches your pancreas it detects the higher amount of sugar in your blood normally it causes the pancreas to put insulin into your bloodstream The insulin reduces the amount of sugar in your blood to a healthy level how does insulin do this as the blood move through your body The insulin and sugar exit the bloodstream into your tissues to reach your cells most cells have structure on their surfaces called insulin receptors when insulin flows by it attaches to the receptor The insulin acts like a key in a lock to open up the cell so the sugars can get inside now your Cells can use the sugar to make the energy it needs to work properly and your blood sugar level drops back to its normal range if you have type 1 diabetes your pancreas lose its ability to make enough or any insulin this can result in high blood sugar level and other complications in type 1 diabetes your immune system attacks your cells in pancreas by mistake as a result, your pancreas makes a little or no insulin without insulin sugar can not get into your cells. Without sugars your cells don’t have energy. and since the sugar is locked out of your cells it builds up to a higher level in your bloodstream this is a condition called hyperglycemia which can leads to serious complication.