Articles, Blog

The Middle East’s cold war, explained

November 22, 2019

The Middle East is one of the most complex
regions in the world: Currently there are 4 failing states and 3
wars, with major powers increasingly taking opposite sides. Countless armed militias and terrorist groups
are spreading violence across borders. The region has seen conflict after conflict
going back well into the 20th century. But among all the uprisings, civil wars, and
insurgencies, two countries always seem to be involved: Saudi Arabia and Iran. They’re bitter rivals, and their feud is
the key to understanding conflicts in the Middle East. The Saudis and Iranians have never actually
declared war on each other. Instead, they fight indirectly by supporting
opposing sides in other countries and inciting conflicts. This is known as proxy warfare. And it’s had a devastating effect on the
region. Countries, especially poor ones, can’t function if there are larger countries pulling strings within their borders. Both the Saudis and the Iranians, see these civil wars as both tremendous threats, and also potentially enormous opportunities. The Saudi-Iranian rivalry has become a fight over influence, and the whole region is a battlefield. It’s why the rivalry is being called: a
Cold War. The most famous cold war was fought for 40 years between the United States and Soviet
Union. Looking forward to the day when their flag would fly over the entire world. They never declared war on each other, but clashed in proxy wars around the world. Each side supported dictators, rebel groups, and intervened in civil wars to contain the other. Like the US and Soviet Union, Saudi Arabia
and Iran are two powerful rivals – but instead of fighting for world dominance, they’re
fighting over control of the Middle East. In order to understand the Saudi-Iranian rivalry,
let’s go back to the origins of each country. In the early 1900s, the Arabian peninsula
was a patchwork of tribes under the control of the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, the empire collapsed, leaving these tribes to fight each other for power. One tribe from the interior, the al-Saud,
eventually conquered most of the peninsula. In 1932, they were recognized as the Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia. 6 years later, massive oil reserves were discovered in Saudi Arabia, and, in an instant, the Saudi monarchy was rich. That oil money built roads and cities
all around the desert country – and it helped forge an alliance with the US. On the eastern side of the Persian Gulf, another country was emerging, but having a much harder time. Iran also had massive oil reserves and an
even bigger Muslim population. But constant foreign intervention was creating chaos. Since the 18th century, Iran had been invaded
by the Russians and British twice. In 1953, the US secretly staged a coup, removing the popular prime minister, Mohammed Mosaddegh. In his place, they propped up a monarch, Reza Shah, who was aggressively reforming Iran into a secular, westernized country. But he harbored corruption and terrorized
the population with his secret police, the Savak. By the 1970s, both Saudi Arabia and Iran had oil-based economies and had governments heavily backed by the US, but the feelings among each population were very different: Ultimately at the end of the day, the
Shah of Iran, powerful as he was, simply did not have the same control over his people
or ultimately the same legitimacy and affection that the Saudi people felt towards their monarchy
at that point in time. That’s because Iran’s Muslims felt stifled
by the Shah’s reformations and by the end of the decade, they finally fought back. Iran’s Islamic revolution overthrew a powerful regime, that boasted military might. It’s really in 1979, when Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic revolution overthrow the Shah, that the real tension
between Saudi Arabia and Iran begins. Ayatollah Khomeini was a Muslim clergyman,
who preached against Western-backed secular monarchies. He advocated for a government that popular, Islamic, and led by the clergy. And In 1979, he led a revolution to establish just that. It was a massive international event that
prompted reactions around the world especially in Saudi Arabia. The Iranian Revolution terrified the government
of Saudi Arabia. They were fearful that Ayatollah Khomeini would inspire their populations to rise up against them, exactly the way he had caused the Iranian population to rise up against the Shah. There was a religious threat too. Up until now, the Saudis had claimed to be
the leaders of the Muslim world. Largely because Islam’s two holiest sites,
Mecca and Medina are in Saudi Arabia. But Khomeini claimed his popular revolution
made Iran the legitimate Muslim state. There was another divide; Saudi Arabia’s
population is mostly Sunni, the majority sect of Islam, while Khomeini and Iran are mostly
Shia. Westerners always make a
mistake by drawing an analogy between the Sunni-Shia split and the Protestant-Catholic
split within Christianity. The Sunni-Shia split was never as violent. And in much of the Islamic world, when Sunnis and Shia were living in close proximity, they got along famously well. So, while the Sunni-Shia split was not a reason
for the rivalry, it was an important division. After the revolution, the Saudi’s fears
came to life when Iran began “exporting its revolution”. This CIA report from 1980 details how the
Iranian started helping groups, mostly Shia, trying to overthrow governments in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Saudi Arabia. And they prompted the Saudis to redouble their efforts, to fight against Iran. They bolstered their alliance with the US
and formed the GCC, an alliance with other gulf monarchies. The stage was set for conflict. War in the gulf. Iraq invaded Iran in seven areas. With a 5:1 superiority, Iraqi forces moved quickly The rise of Iran as a regional power threatened other neighboring countries as well. In September 1980, Iraq, under the rule of
dictator Saddam Hussein, invaded Iran. He was hoping to stop the Iranian revolution,
gain power, and annex some of Iran’s oil reserves. But they didn’t get far. The war bogged down into stalemate complete
with trench warfare, chemical weapons and heavy civilian casualties. When Iran started winning, the Saudis panicked,
and came to Iraq’s rescue. They provided money, weapons, and logistical
help. So it becomes critical to the Saudis that
they build up Iraq, and build it up into a wall that can hold back the Iranian torrent that
they have unleashed. The Saudi help allowed Iraq to fight until
1988. By then, nearly a million people had died. Iranians largely blamed the Saudis for the
war and the feud escalated. Fast forward 15 years and Iraq again became
the scene of a proxy war. In 2003 the US invaded Iraq and overthrew Saddam Hussein. Neither Saudi Arabia or Iran wanted this to
happen, since Iraq had been acting as a buffer between them. But problems arose when the US struggled to
replace Saddam. The United States has no idea what it is doing in Iraq after 2003. And it makes one mistake after another, that creates a security vacuum, and a failed state, and drives Iraq into all-out civil war. Without a government, armed militias took
control of Iraq, splintering the population. Sunni and Shia militias suddenly sprang up
all over the country. Many were radical Islamist groups who saw
an opportunity to gain power amidst the chaos. These militias were readymade proxies for
Saudi Arabia and Iran, and they both seized the opportunity to try and gain power. The Saudis started sending money and weapons
to the Sunni militias, and Iran; the Shia. Iraq was suddenly a proxy war with Saudi Arabia
and Iran supporting opposing sides. That trend continued into the Arab Spring,
a series of anti-monarchy, pro-democracy protests that swept through the Middle East in 2011. This had very different consequences for Saudi
Arabia and Iran: That is terrifying to the Saudis who are the ultimate status quo power. They want the region stable, and they don’t want anbody rising up and overthrowing a sclerotic, autocratic government, for fear that it might inspire their own people to do the same. The Iranians are the ultimate anti-status quo power, they have been trying for decades to overturn the regional order. Each country threw their weight behind different
groups, all over the Middle East. Just like in Iraq, the Saudis began supporting
Sunni groups and governments while Iran helps Shia groups rise up against them. In Tunisia, the Saudi’s backed a dictator
while the Iranians stoked protests. In Bahrain, Iran supported Shia leaders seeking
to overthrow the government. Saudi Arabia, in turn, sent troops to help
quash the unrest. Both got involved in Libya, Lebanon and Morocco As Saudi Arabia and Iran put more and more
pressure on these countries… they began to collapse. Now the feud has gone a step further, with
both countries deploying their own militaries. In Yemen, the Saudi military is on the ground
helping the central government. They are fighting the rebels, called the Houthis,
who are an Iranian proxy group. The reverse is happening in Syria. The Iranian
military is fighting side by side with militias, some of them extremists groups like Hezbollah,
in support of dictator Bashar al-Assad. They are fighting rebel Sunni groups, who
are Saudi proxies. The more civil wars that broke out in the
Middle East, the more Saudi Arabia and Iran became involved. Neither the government of Saudi Arabia nor the government of Iran are looking for a fight. But the problem is these civil wars create
circumstances that no one could have predicted. Both the Iranians and the Saudis feel that their vital national interests, are threatened, are in jeopardy, because of different things happening in these civil
wars, things they blame each other for. Now the cold war is drawing in other countries. The Saudi government is threatening Qatar, a tiny Gulf state that was developing ties with Iran. Meanwhile in Syria and Iraq, the terrorist
group, ISIS is nearing defeat and both the Saudis and Iranians are angling to take control
of that territory. It’s a Cold war that’s becoming incredibly
unpredictable. As the Middle East continues to destabilize,
its hard to say how far these countries will go.

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  • Reply jahan442 October 28, 2019 at 10:42 pm

    2019 iran has the upper hand. The loss of Saudis will be the best thing to happen for Muslims, especially Sunni Muslim.

  • Reply Amlan Kiron Banerjee October 29, 2019 at 4:42 am

    During the Iran-Iraq war, the latter was supported by the US.

  • Reply Tekinsu lyrics October 31, 2019 at 8:16 am

    We are Turks and have more than 2000 years history. World will awake. We love ERDOĞAN. HE IS FAIR. HE IS DEMOCRATIC AND WE ARE SO Happy to have a leader like him. Let me do it a real video.

  • Reply periferia of mind October 31, 2019 at 3:16 pm


  • Reply David Miller October 31, 2019 at 8:46 pm

    Vox, you don't know your History.

  • Reply Mohammad Saghira October 31, 2019 at 10:00 pm

    Iran just support all Demand the right

  • Reply Mohammad Saghira October 31, 2019 at 10:03 pm

    One day
    World understand Iran have good nation
    Iran want peace for world

  • Reply sergi boi November 1, 2019 at 4:08 am

    I blame the cows

  • Reply muhamed chau November 1, 2019 at 12:42 pm

    Libya is in North Africa not the middle East

  • Reply Abbis ilraQe November 1, 2019 at 1:00 pm

    I’m from lraq اني من العراق 🇮🇶🇮🇶🙏🏻🙏🏻

  • Reply Turko 89 November 1, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    Soft power China !!

  • Reply Juulk November 2, 2019 at 2:54 am

    2019 people in Iraq are sick of USA/Israel government in Iraq.

  • Reply Oğuzhan Karakaş November 2, 2019 at 6:59 am

    Where is the oil, US is there and after they arrived there is only war and chaos.
    ''Hey stop Amerian weapon sellers needs money, lets make more violance in the world, oh sorry where is the oil ? MIDDLE EAST !''

  • Reply mahdi porkazeme November 2, 2019 at 7:13 am

    all of that wrong without any truth

  • Reply frank x November 2, 2019 at 10:31 am

    Enlightening. You certainly don't get a clear picture from the western media, who often blame fundamentalists for the consequences of these proxy wars.

  • Reply Incurable Romanticist November 2, 2019 at 10:35 pm

    I never understood that the Saudis feared a popular uprising like the Ayatollah’s. It makes perfect sense.

    And I never even knew that the Saudis helped Iraq against Iran, or that the Iranians were the preferred force for popular uprising.

    If the Iranians didn’t want to spread Islam by war, they would be our allies, I guess.

  • Reply Abhimanyu Vijayan November 3, 2019 at 2:49 pm

    Why does that boomer dude sounds exactly like donald trump?

  • Reply A. E. November 3, 2019 at 3:30 pm

    say what you want but Iraninans actually don't see SA as a threat (or the real threat) as they aim for opposing US or so my iranian friend says

  • Reply brogoku November 3, 2019 at 5:14 pm

    So your telling me that thousands of people died over a commodity and the belief that a god might exist? I can see why Elon Musk wants to go to mars.

  • Reply Holy Goly November 4, 2019 at 12:52 pm

    Islam like fighthing among them and blaming others for thier own problem where Sunni and Syiah teaching in Islam are 360 degree different.

  • Reply Nayea AlNeyadi November 4, 2019 at 9:59 pm

    Saddam is not a dictator, if you ask how look at Iraq wile under the rule of saddam and after.

  • Reply Nayea AlNeyadi November 4, 2019 at 10:08 pm

    We Sunni Arab Muslims look to Iran as a country that tries to dominate the surrounding region, as the video shows ,Saudi Arabia's goal is to ensure the stability of the neighboring region Unlike Iran.

  • Reply beau sheffield November 5, 2019 at 4:53 am

    I think a few things need to be pointed out to the people who are criticizing this video. First if you have been watching Vox consistently for a while now you would know that they have never shied away from controversial topics involving the US so why would you suddenly assume they’re doing so now. Second they’re focusing simply on the tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia that have “contributed” to the conflicts in the Middle East. This video isn’t trying to absolve all responsibility that the US has for much of what’s going on in the Middle East today. It’s just talking about to other countries that are also responsible for what’s going on in the Middle East today.

    The only reason you would even try to argue with the point in this video is simply because you don’t want to believe that the Middle East isn’t at least partially responsible for its own condition. And instead remain ignorant. Believing that there is nothing that you or your politicians can do to fix it. Because control over your own fate was taken from you by a bunch of big bad foreigners.

  • Reply BENA AZALIA November 5, 2019 at 1:38 pm

    Just about oil. Who give oil to US Will safe

  • Reply Richard Chng November 5, 2019 at 5:58 pm

    Arab are a mess

  • Reply Amira Sabyrhanova November 6, 2019 at 5:54 am

    Oh, guys, please, can you like this comment, so that authors will see my desire to help translating video into Russian transcript. Thank you <3. (not joke)

  • Reply Black Bird November 6, 2019 at 8:49 am

    Thank you for presenting a distorted and incomplete picture!
    What about US and Russia's proxy war who are supporting both and do not want peace in the middle east ?

  • Reply j kay November 6, 2019 at 11:36 am

    USA destroying the Middle East, to help Israel establish itself there after its formation in 1948.

  • Reply Rog Gurty November 6, 2019 at 8:20 pm

    Well into the 20th century? how about since before Alexander the Great….

  • Reply Boogeyman November 6, 2019 at 9:32 pm

    divide and rule

  • Reply Pepperoni Unicorn November 7, 2019 at 12:01 am

    No mention of Israel and this story is a lot more complicated and long then this extremely brief summary/synopsis, more like a blurb, Especially the Wahabist Clerics of Saudi Arabia who were put in the control of the country bar it's economic Policy, they would like nothing better than to exterminate the Shia.

  • Reply valfarhad November 7, 2019 at 1:18 pm

    What utter nonsense! How’s the weather in Ryad? Or is it Tel Aviv?!

  • Reply fatmi benayed November 7, 2019 at 7:46 pm

    What is said about Tunisia at 8:25 is not true: there are no shias in north Africa so Iran has no influence here. As for the Saoudis, they are profoundly disliked by the tunisian people, because of their arrogance. And they gave shelter to the tunisian dictator Ben Ali.

  • Reply GMSThisVileKingdom 3 November 7, 2019 at 10:30 pm

    Swap out Saudi Arabia with the sate of Israel for this video

  • Reply xYLFH_ Yt November 8, 2019 at 12:29 am

    There is only one kind of Muslim is Sunni. Shia are kufar

  • Reply random bastard November 8, 2019 at 6:54 am

    Big up to Iran from Indian/anglo

  • Reply football442 November 8, 2019 at 1:17 pm

    The USA is behind all these wars!

  • Reply Noosy November 8, 2019 at 4:27 pm

    This is so good.

  • Reply ExtrovertedCenobite November 9, 2019 at 12:52 am

    US, Saudi Arabia and Israel causing most problems in the middle east.

  • Reply Vaibhav Mishra November 9, 2019 at 4:17 pm

    libya does not come under middle east.

  • Reply Ti NlE November 9, 2019 at 5:36 pm

    let all westeners leave middle east
    i swear it will be peace and richest land in the world

  • Reply Ali Abbas November 9, 2019 at 5:51 pm

    Why 2 countries???
    Why not Israel.??

  • Reply Antonio osho November 9, 2019 at 6:34 pm

    US and western Europe must stop interfering, overthrowing government and exploiting the rest of the world

  • Reply TİKTİOK EĞLENCE November 9, 2019 at 7:10 pm

    Turkey is watching movies and eating popcorn. 🍿🍿🍿🍿😂😂😂

  • Reply عكروكة Ekrokh November 10, 2019 at 12:55 am

    Iran is the most evil country in the world

  • Reply Khadijah Aguila November 10, 2019 at 3:24 am

    You know what’s really funny…the fact that America and other European powers go into other countries and mess things up and create chaos then leave and look down at the counties they messed up and criticize them for the mess they created

  • Reply Michael Sever November 10, 2019 at 3:31 am

    Muslims don't like anybody

  • Reply Sara Alfadhala November 10, 2019 at 9:04 am

    Bahrain 🇧🇭 is a country that supports Saudi Arabia 🇸🇦 Kuwait 🇰🇼 UAE 🇦🇪

  • Reply Mete Yağmur November 10, 2019 at 9:14 am

    Plot twist Turkey will invade both syria and iraq and the problem will be solved

  • Reply killer of Ghazis November 10, 2019 at 10:22 am

    Allha is best planner😂

  • Reply Houssein Mokh November 10, 2019 at 3:29 pm

    بعد الحرب العراقية الإيرانية تغيرت الحدود بين البلدين وأخذت إيران أراضي زيادة

  • Reply Houssein Mokh November 10, 2019 at 3:34 pm

    9:04 بشار الأسد دكتاتور يا منيوك 😱😱😱

  • Reply Tom G November 10, 2019 at 3:43 pm

    World: USA did you start this.
    USA: Well Yes but actually no
    Britain and France: 👀

  • Reply sa na November 10, 2019 at 7:53 pm

    I'm from syria and the stuff right there isn't cold at all.

  • Reply Sohail Ahmed November 11, 2019 at 5:25 am

    Saudi Arabia and Iran would sit together otherwise whole Middle East and its masses will be in agony with the passage of time….as it is suffering……To live peacefully and resolve issue with open mind and heart and according to the wills of masses of the Midele East.

  • Reply Huff Puff November 11, 2019 at 6:20 am

    I'd fight for Saudi Arabia I'm tired of Iran

  • Reply Bassel Agha November 11, 2019 at 9:52 am

    Hezbollab are not a terrorist organization.. typical mainstream media

  • Reply moodist 1er November 11, 2019 at 11:58 am

    When your mouth is so full of freemasondicks that your rhetoric is following the mainstream media's lies. Where's Rachel maddow and tucker Carlson hiding?

  • Reply zap R November 11, 2019 at 4:07 pm

    6:40 Why did US invaded Iraq in 2003???
    They came from nowhere in this whole story, i dont understand

  • Reply نواف November 11, 2019 at 10:18 pm

    I think UK and France started all of it

  • Reply Ömer Faruk Ünal November 12, 2019 at 12:48 pm

    pkk and ypg is also terrorist organization why you did not say that

  • Reply Agglomerati Produzioni November 12, 2019 at 4:04 pm

    4:41 The Catholic-Protestant split was hugely political. I usually go to a more Catholic-Orthodox analogy: it's more theological, less violent, gradually created by time.

  • Reply Agglomerati Produzioni November 12, 2019 at 5:10 pm

    9:15 "Neither the government of Saudi Arabia nor the government of Iran are looking for fight."
    Well, neither the Kaiser nor the Tzar nor the Archduke were looking for a fight either.

  • Reply muaaz mansuri November 13, 2019 at 8:39 am

    I see usa as a spark in the oil rich countries.

  • Reply zap R November 13, 2019 at 10:43 am

    Can someone explain the input of Israel in this war?

  • Reply Tommy BRO November 13, 2019 at 11:31 am

    Who's here after playing Modern Warfare?

  • Reply Ahmad__ 965 November 13, 2019 at 10:37 pm

    All goes back to America

  • Reply Ahmad__ 965 November 13, 2019 at 10:46 pm

    Kuwait is the last peaceful country in the Arab world

  • Reply i. zak November 14, 2019 at 6:00 am

    Didn't the US create ISIS? Why leave that detail out?

  • Reply Caleb M. F November 14, 2019 at 6:21 am

    It's cursed land

  • Reply SS Skits November 14, 2019 at 11:58 am

    5:20 you forgot kuwait bich

  • Reply Dhuha Alsahli November 14, 2019 at 3:34 pm

    simply Iran is a disease and Saudi Arabia is the Medicen. God save Saudi Arabia and it's king Salman.

  • Reply razofdead November 14, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    I was near suscribe Vox then…. i saw this video and…. all the motive dissaper. Vox fights againts Vox.

  • Reply Ilustrado November 14, 2019 at 5:40 pm

    Why call it a Cold War when we already had a Cold War?

  • Reply Tshegedi Mokalapa November 14, 2019 at 6:43 pm

    It seems to me the US is some type of a virus.
    Its always amidst wars
    Directly or indirectly

  • Reply Auazz November 15, 2019 at 12:51 am

    8:16 Wait, that's illegal

  • Reply Glow Talks November 15, 2019 at 8:44 am

    Vox is the most secular you tube channel in the world,, a lot of Love from Indian muslim,,

  • Reply IRAQI BlBos November 15, 2019 at 12:47 pm

    There is a revelotion happining now in iraq to kick the iran gov and saudi gov out of the country and it started from the first of octoper and had a peek in the 25octoper and from 25octoper until now it’s on!!
    We need really to kick our gov because it’s a gov of Thieves and controled by iran and saudi arabia and it’s just stealing the people money and not doing anything for the coutry
    I hope The revolution succeeds and kick theas sons of bi*ches out of the coutry

  • Reply Playbrostuff November 15, 2019 at 2:28 pm

    The cold war in the middle east? more like the hot war

  • Reply dust4us November 15, 2019 at 7:41 pm

    USA and uk are practically gaining , by selling arms to all sides and now Russia and China even Israel and many others are selling arms to Saudi and IRAN ,.but us people are too busy checking our utube feed back

  • Reply ITISRA OFTEL November 16, 2019 at 2:33 pm

    Like the Biblie, the beast controls that Iran & Saudis… China.

  • Reply Adam Naipaul November 16, 2019 at 9:19 pm


  • Reply Asala Khyer Basri November 17, 2019 at 6:49 am

    Its All about Oil and Desert.

  • Reply A November 17, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    You haven’t mentioned that Shah of Iran wanted to increase the price of oil since USA and U.K. increaseD the price of wheat, oil and … 200 times more( there is BBC interview with Shah on YouTube) that was why they wanted to get rid of him and thought Khomani the devil would be a good option.😤😠

  • Reply Liam Baby November 17, 2019 at 3:51 pm

    Your videos that go into some deep topics are truly incredible. Its remarkable, thank you Vox.

  • Reply Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm November 17, 2019 at 5:05 pm

    The fight of Islamic countries does not yield any results. what is important is the expulsion of America from the region. America's oil ambition is the cause of all wars.

  • Reply دايموند / Dimond November 18, 2019 at 7:43 pm

    المشاكل بين أيرا والسعوديه والعراق طايح بيهه 🤦

  • Reply T Santana November 18, 2019 at 9:17 pm

    This Cold War has been fought for 1400 years.

  • Reply Bilge Khan November 19, 2019 at 8:59 am

    I'm support Semitic's.
    we hate is Iranic race(kurd-farsi-Afgan-tajik).

  • Reply haidara rashed November 19, 2019 at 2:04 pm

    السبب الحقيقي للحرب في سوريا هي الولايات المتحدة الاميركة التي دعمت الخليج العربي واسراءيل الارهابيين على القتال في سوريا بأموال سعودية واسلحة اميركية وتصادمات اسراءيلية . اما في ادلب فتركيا تدعم الارهابيين . والرءيس السوري بشار الاسد ليس ديكتاتورا بل هو رءيس سعى لحماية شعبه الذي فرقته اميركا والدول الخليجية بأموالها التي تسرقها اميركا . انا اعيش في سوريا وارى انه لولا مساعدة ايران وروسيا لكامل الجغرافيا السورية لما كنا قد هزمنا الارهاب ك داعش والنصرة وقسد التي دعمتهم اميركا الارهابية.

  • Reply Red Bull November 19, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    The violence will end there in 5 years Insha Allah. It’s been confirmed

  • Reply Rainbow Channel November 19, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    0:17 Yeah so bad since 20 th cent. cause there is no Ottoman Empire to make stabile Middle East:))

  • Reply Amatres Şêrvan November 19, 2019 at 5:19 pm

    You should put Turkey instead of Saudi Arabia

  • Reply Razor_ 27 November 19, 2019 at 7:35 pm

    What europeans think arabs are 7:47

  • Reply Azadeh Nazari November 20, 2019 at 2:31 am

    US is always blamed

  • Reply Trap - Fortnite November 20, 2019 at 1:36 pm

    Kuwait be like : chill I’m here stop

  • Reply R H November 20, 2019 at 6:57 pm

    Arabs main enemies are not the Jews but themselves.

  • Reply Agustin Tellez November 21, 2019 at 10:20 pm

    that was really interesting.

  • Reply saurabh karamchandani November 21, 2019 at 10:55 pm

    Well done Vox. Though you should update it as UAE and Qatar are much more involved than you would think. 🙂
    PS that cold war music, where do I find it. 😀

  • Reply Mr Kayhan November 22, 2019 at 7:11 am

    Without the West the ME would be peaceful.

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