>>Narrator: Sneezing, coughing…
The main way that illnesses like colds and flu are spread is from person to person in
respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes. This transfer is called droplet spread.
It happens when droplets from a cough or a sneeze of an infected person move through
the air and are absorbed by someone nearby, usually through the mouth or nose. Germs can also be spread when a person comes
in contact with infected respiratory droplets on a surface like a doorknob, desk, telephone,
keyboard, and so on, and then touches his or her own eyes, mouth,
or nose. Some viruses and bacteria may remain on shared
surfaces for two hours or longer. To stop the spread of diseases at home, work,
or school, it is important to follow this simple coughing and sneezing etiquette. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when
you cough or sneeze, then always throw the used tissue into the wastebasket.
It’s better to use a handkerchief if nothing else is available, but a disposable one-use
tissue is best. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze
into your upper sleeve, or as a last resort, your hand. After coughing and sneezing, make sure to
always wash your hands with plenty of soap and water for at least twenty seconds.
When water or soap is not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizing gel. If you are coughing or sneezing, keep your
distance from others. Droplets can easily spread over 3 to 4 feet
when you sneeze or cough. And if someone around you is coughing or sneezing,
keep your distance from them. Follow these simple behaviors, and you’ll
go a long way in helping to protect yourself and others from colds and flu at work, school,
or in your home.