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Stalin and United Nations – COLD WAR DOCUMENTARY

November 10, 2019


As discussed in our previous video, the world
needed a new international organization to replace the League of Nations and the allies
had their ideas on how this new structure would function. Those who fought against Hitler
were now working towards different ideological and political goals, and the creation of the
United Nations became another stage of the diplomatic conflict, as the USSR had its own
agenda. The Second World War once again demonstrated
the necessity to establish an international organization to help prevent conflicts around
the world. The League of Nations, created in the wake of the First World War, haven
proven itself weak and ineffective in preventing conflicts or in restraining the instigators
of the Second World War. Germany, Italy and Japan had simply ignored the League of Nations
and local conflicts escalated into a global war.
The key participants in the anti-Hitler coalition, the United States, Great Britain and The Soviet
Union has started discussing the formation of a new organization, led by the Four Policemen
of The United States, Great Britain, The Soviet Union and China, while the Second World War
was still being fought. It was a recurring topic at conferences held in Moscow, Teheran,
Dumbarton Oaks and at Yalta. The aim was to create an international security system capable
of preventing conflicts from occurring and from escalating when they did occur. The first
discussions began during the Moscow Conference, held between the foreign ministers of the
United States, the Soviet Union and Great Britain between October 18 and November 11
of 1943. The so-called Big Three did decide to include
China as the ‘fourth policeman” of the future world order, inviting it to sign the
Declaration of the Four Nations, dedicated to the post-war international security system.
The USSR was originally opposed to China’s inclusion in the Declaration as it did not
want to antagonize Japan. Japan and the Soviet Union had signed a nonaggression pact in 1941
but Moscow was afraid the Japanese would see Soviet support of China as threat. The Soviets
at the time could not afford to have a second front opened against the Japanese as they
were fully engaged with fighting Germany. Despite this fear, they did relent and China
was invited to sign. The next round of negotiations, the Tehran
Conference, did not see an agreement on the format or specifics of the new organization
as those details would be worked out at a later date. It did however see The Declaration
of Three Powers, published on December 1, 1943. It stated:
We recognize fully the supreme responsibility resting upon us and all the United Nations
to make a peace which will command the good will of the overwhelming mass of the peoples
of the world and banish the scourge and terror of war for many generations.
With our diplomatic advisers we have surveyed the problems of the future. We shall seek
the cooperation and active participation of all nations, large and small, whose peoples
in heart and mind are dedicated, as are our own peoples, to the elimination of tyranny
and slavery, oppression and intolerance. We will welcome them, as they may choose to come,
into a world family of democratic nations.” As victory over Germany began to look more
and more inevitable, the discussions surrounding the post-war order intensified. Stalin ordered
his diplomats, Litvinov and Stein to prepare the Soviet view of the future organization
that would be responsible for international peace. There were five significant points
that were put forward as key The first was the creation of a strong Council
of great powers, separate from the assembly of all member states. This Council was to
decide on the most important issues related to the protection of peace and security by
means of unanimous votes for agreement. The Soviet Union understood that the majority
of future member states would be capitalist countries, who would be by definition opposed
to the USSR. By creating a strong central council which required a unanimous vote ensured
Soviet interests would be protected in the face of a majority.
The second concept promoted by the Soviets was the need for strong measures to be taken
against countries which attempted to evade sanction regimes against countries deemed
to be threats to international peace. Stein even suggested that violators of sanction
regimes be expelled from the organization. The third point, championed by Litvinov, was
firmly against a strong general assembly of nations, suggesting it should only have the
ability to make recommendations without the need for unanimity.
The fourth point was that the future organization would not have the ability to intervene into
internal matters of states, as the Soviets believed that interference with cross-border
ethnic minorities could create instability. The last major point deemed vital to the Soviets,
was that the organization would be divided into regional sections, with each of the Four
Policemen acting as the regional chair. This idea was that the structure would prevent
a state or states in one region from interfering in the affairs of states in other regions.
Stalin was in agreement with the nature and direction of each of these points, and the
Soviets used these principles in the negotiations going forward.
The next major set of Allied negotiations took place at Dumbarton Oaks, where the USSR
began to push its agenda. They proposed a limit on the number of member states be limited
to those nations who originally signed and joined the Declaration of United Nations.
This would negate the impact of new member states that could be anticipated as the European
colonial empires came undone. They also proposed that the fifteen Soviet
Republics that made up the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, right) be granted
member status to help balance the number of capitalist nations that would outnumber the
communist ones. Stalin based his argument for this on the Soviet Constitution which
allowed each of the Republics to enter into direct relations with foreign states, exchange
representatives and sign international agreements. Stalin also stressed the unparalleled hardships
the Soviet people were enduring in the war and since some of the Republics had larger
populations than some future members would have, they deserved representation. Neither
Great Britain or the United States were happy with this idea and Roosevelt asked the Soviets
to leave this discussion until the actual formation of the organization.
The Soviets resisted the idea that the decisions of the International COurt of the future organization
would be binding. According to Litvinov, “our attitude towards the International Court shall
be based on the presumption that, whatever squad and statute it has, we cannot rely on
complete fairness and impartiality of it in cases related to the Soviet Union”.
The Soviets also promoted the idea that the new organization should only focus on matters
of international security. This was in response the Allies proposal for the establishment
of the Economic and Social council, dependant on the General Assembly, to tackle global
economic and social problems and challenges. The Soviets accepted the creation of the body
but only on the condition that it would be an advisory body, subservient to the General
Assembly. At Dunbarton Oaks, the Soviet concept of the
Security Council the ultimate holder of power in the organization was accepted by all parties
but the Soviets were unable to convince the others of the need for unanimity in Security
Council votes. This was a point later revisited at the Yalta Conference at which point, the
Soviets were able to get their way. Stalin was against inviting states which were
neutral for much of the war to the founding conference for the United Nations in San Francisco.
A compromise on this was reached at the Yalta conference that only states which had joined
the anti-Hitler coalition before the first of March 1945 would be invited.
Stalin knew that it was unrealistic that his proposal to have all Soviet Republic admitted
as member states so he modified his proposal to include only Belarus, Ukraine and Lithuania.
Great Britain and the United States both accepted a modified counter compromise of only Ukraine
and Belarus becoming member states however, when it came time for invitations to be extended
for the founding conference, they were not extended to either Republic. According to
the US Secretary of State, the agreement did not explicitly include the invitations.
Tensions between the powers were starting to grow and Poland was the next area of contention.
The United States and Great Britain were unwilling to invite a Polish delegation until a government
of national unity had been formed there in place of the pro-Soviet government that Moscow
had put in place. The Soviets in response claimed that they
were not objecting to invitations to countries such as Paraguay and Liberia, who had not
even recognized the USSR, and that there was generally a biased attitude against their
proposals. As such, they refused to send the Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov to the
founding conference and planned to send their Ambassador in the United States, Andrei Gromyko
instead. The americans and the British, in response, urged the Soviets to still send
Molotov for fear that the reputation of the organization would be damaged from the outset
if senior enough representatives did not attend. Ultimately, the Soviet Union was represented
by Molotov. The San Francisco Conference began on the
25th of April, 1945, coinciding with the meeting of US and Soviet troops on the River Elbe
in Germany. 850 representatives from 50 state took part in the conference, including the
foreign ministers of the Soviet Union, Great Britain, China , and the UNited States. The
Soviet proposal to include Ukraine and Belarus as founding members of the United Nations
was accepted without any significant debate. Although the Poland was not invited to San
Francisco, the Soviet Union did achieve the following formula: any state which signed
the January 1, 1942 Declaration of the United Nations or was present at the San Francisco
conference was eligible to become a founding member of the UN. This later allowed Poland
founding member status. The Soviets were insistent that only states
which accepted United Nations values and were fighting against fascism were allowed to join
the United Nations. Although the Soviets argued for this, the eventual agreement allowed all
sovereign and recognized states to become members of the United Nations.
In conclusion, the Soviet Union did achieve many of its intended goals in the formation
of the United Nations. It made sure that a framework was created that ensured the USSR
would maintain a prominent role in global affairs.
While the USSR struggled to gain advantage in the diplomatic war, back home the post-war
reconstruction process was going full speed and you will find about that in our next video,
so make sure you are subscribed to our channel and have pressed the bell button. We rely
on our patrons to create these videos, so consider supporting us via www.patreon.com/thecoldwar.
This the Cold War channel and we will catch you on the next one.

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67 Comments

  • Reply The Cold War April 19, 2019 at 11:08 pm

    Although UN is often criticized and is far from perfect in many matters, it was effective in keeping the dialogue going through the Cold War.
    Consider supporting us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thecoldwar

  • Reply Milo Solomon April 20, 2019 at 1:07 am

    hi r u working on the siamese burmese war yet?

  • Reply Seamus McFlanery April 20, 2019 at 1:26 pm

    We should have not appeased the Soviets in any way. Doing so is in part why the UN is as ineffective as it is today.

  • Reply Shrinidhi Ghatpande April 20, 2019 at 1:29 pm

    I like this content.

  • Reply Cheryl Abellar April 20, 2019 at 1:32 pm

    "Churchill & Roosevelt to Stalin"
    Hey Joe we want to talk peace & security, please send some
    Molatav cocktail.

  • Reply Puglosipher April 20, 2019 at 1:44 pm

    The Soviet Union counteracted imperialism throughout the whole cold war, by supporting national liberations and by challenging US hegemony in the world. For that we should all be thankful for the role the Soviet Union has played in history.

  • Reply dragosstanciu April 20, 2019 at 2:01 pm

    It is a pity that eastern Europe and Asia had to be abandoned to communism and USSR's domination. A great evil, fascism ,was replaced by another great evil, communism/maoism and thus more genocide happened.

  • Reply Nasser Aljoudi April 20, 2019 at 2:40 pm

    Every week I wait for your next videos. Keep them coming every week and don't be late, please.
    😁👍🏻

  • Reply David Hasselhoff April 20, 2019 at 3:10 pm

    2:30 is a lie, there numerous of facts that Japan didn’t have plan to attack USSR after Battles of Khalkhin Gol (Japanese Sixth Army were defeated), until Germany take over Moscow, the problem was in Chinese representatives in UN, USA wanted Chiang Kai-shek, USSR wanted to see communist.

  • Reply Charlie Bell April 20, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    I always wondered by the Ukrainian SSR and the Belorussian SSR had seats in the UN and the rest of the smaller SSR's did not.

  • Reply Joerg Mueller April 20, 2019 at 5:06 pm

    I sense a lot of naivete on the side of the Western Powers towards the Soviet Union and what would become of the UN – an anti-Semite, corrupt bureaucracy.

  • Reply VforArt April 20, 2019 at 5:16 pm

    note* Poland was absent on UN establishing meetings, because communists were busy twisting elections, terrorizing people and imposing their illegitimate government… its this time when Home Army members got arrested, members of NSZ murdered in slaughterhouses, concentration camps were reopened for inmates locked by communists this time, gestapo slaughterhouses and cellars were reopened for NKVD
    also they were busy with stealing whole factories, steelworks, fuel production, machine production lines, bus montage lines, all advanced machinery, shipyards, etc. they stole 98% of all floating units, cables, coal, steel (wont even mention works of art or anything that was left in gentry properties including doors, stairs, etc.) …. literally everything
    i personally know a guy whos parents came in to a village where they had an heirless mill and electricity connected to it … soviets took it all

    and in these circumstances Poland was entering UN as a founding member

    in meeting in San Francisco famous pianist Artur Rubinstein noticed lack of Polish flag among meeting members, so in afternoon concert he decided to stop his performance, got up and said: "i will now play anthemn of Poland and please get up everyone" … this is known as Rubinstein manifest … everyone got up and applauded (including oh so offended soviet delegation) … this was manifest towards commies but also treacherous 'western allies'

  • Reply Juan López April 20, 2019 at 5:51 pm

    That change of the camera angle to the side feels awkward and adds nothing to the video.

  • Reply Julia 1984 April 20, 2019 at 6:44 pm

    The U.N. is communist. Alger Hiss, a Soviet spy working withing the USA State department, made sure communist ideology would dominate the U.N.. Be skeptical of the U.N. Agenda 2030 because in 2006, CUBA was the only country that met the U.N. standards for sustainable development. Cuba is a third world communist country that exemplifies the objective of U.N. Agenda 2030 / Agenda 21.

  • Reply Seen & Heard April 20, 2019 at 8:41 pm

    China vs China: 1.4 billion vs 24 million 😜

  • Reply Maximus Circus April 20, 2019 at 11:33 pm

    Great work. But in my opinion you have to sound more dramatical or engaged. You sound a little too… passiv. Not sure if thats the righte words, but there you go.

  • Reply LordTacos April 21, 2019 at 12:05 am

    Moscow Nights in the end!

  • Reply Veryl Alduin April 21, 2019 at 10:43 am

    The Soviets were brutal totalitarians but ironically the only guys willing to help liberate brutally opressed people from european colonial terror

  • Reply pizzapicante27 April 22, 2019 at 2:21 am

    Given the actual results of nations intervening on internal affairs of others under "orders" of the UN, good thing that point was left out of the foundation charter of the UN.

  • Reply Socracle April 22, 2019 at 6:01 am

    Could you start putting your sources in the description?

  • Reply 2x2leax April 22, 2019 at 6:17 am

    The people demands the sources!

  • Reply TheSparrow002 April 22, 2019 at 4:08 pm

    😀

  • Reply Giorgos Papadopoulos April 22, 2019 at 5:50 pm

    The Ukrainian SSR at the time was not including Crimea. Keep spreading warmongering propaganda.

  • Reply Oliver Ludwig April 22, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    How are Italy, Germany, and Japan instigators of World War 2, but not the Soviet Union?

  • Reply Manuel Camelo April 22, 2019 at 6:55 pm

    UN+US+Soviets+UK+France and jews are all to annihilate. USSR, France and UK already went to shet. Now only 3 to go.

  • Reply SirionAUT April 22, 2019 at 7:28 pm

    What map is that at 4:10 ? it doesn't make sense, it includes switzerland and austria in the western bloc but turkey is missing?

  • Reply Jack bharucha April 23, 2019 at 3:10 am

    How ironic that the Soviet Union's plans for a strong security council and a week general assembly helped the US so much after decolonization turned the General Assembly into a Soviet rubber stamp.

  • Reply Ismail Safavi April 23, 2019 at 4:40 am

    How didnt i know about this channel of urs Size Halal olsun Ilkin, Nolan ve Trugut hemeshe demishimki coh gozel ish gorursuz zehmet olmasa eyni curde davam edin

  • Reply sg shulte April 23, 2019 at 11:10 am

    Hey man good video 👌
    But I feel like the UN has become a puppet to us interest and does not stand up to us warmongering

  • Reply Mstislaw AA April 23, 2019 at 12:50 pm

    11:43 Check out that bald pile of shit standing next to Stalin. Guess who that is.

  • Reply ecpgieicg April 23, 2019 at 1:52 pm

    2:05 Citation please

  • Reply Peanut Pete April 23, 2019 at 5:57 pm

    State your SOURCE material

  • Reply Javier Castro Albelo April 23, 2019 at 6:01 pm

    Moscow Nights <3 10:50

  • Reply Anti Mapping April 23, 2019 at 11:55 pm

    We're all living in a realistic Minecraft game. The UN is the moderator.

  • Reply Lawrence John April 24, 2019 at 8:45 am

    Only the Narrator makes this video uninterested.

  • Reply Lisa Keitel April 24, 2019 at 3:48 pm

    Well… this is a really good video. Thanks for the information.

  • Reply lnb29 April 24, 2019 at 7:13 pm

    great channel!

  • Reply HyperVoxel April 24, 2019 at 9:51 pm

    Good video, remain unbiased!

  • Reply XxJohnnyXx 239 April 25, 2019 at 12:51 am

    Great vid

  • Reply Roman Soiko April 25, 2019 at 9:50 am

    انا اتكلام في كل لغت امم المتحدة 我说全六语联合国 I speak all six un languages je parles six langues des nations unies Я говорю на все шести языков ООН организация обеденный наци yo hablo todos seis idiomas de las naciones unidas

  • Reply Christopher Goss April 25, 2019 at 12:08 pm

    Happy Elbe Day!

  • Reply Christopher Goss April 25, 2019 at 12:08 pm

    Happy Elbe Day!

  • Reply Toni Kemppainen April 25, 2019 at 1:09 pm

    Maybe Stalin can do some good deeds too.

  • Reply YoanMeister April 25, 2019 at 2:13 pm

    Please talk about Tito and Yugoslavia.

  • Reply Ezequiel Hermoso April 26, 2019 at 4:17 am

    nice video and format
    try not to read a telepromter too much

  • Reply VINICÍUS RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO -The boy of science! - April 26, 2019 at 8:49 pm

    SUBTITLES IN PORTUGUESE PLEASE!

  • Reply Lucius Paullus April 27, 2019 at 5:19 pm

    More animations less sitting in a chair!

  • Reply Heavy Pupper April 27, 2019 at 10:56 pm

    Honestly just replace Stalin with Putin and you have modern day

  • Reply Ve45er April 28, 2019 at 1:14 pm

    Unfortunately, the UN promotes left-wing ideology

  • Reply Cieszyn61 April 29, 2019 at 3:12 pm

    .

  • Reply PoweredByLS2 April 30, 2019 at 9:08 am

    0:46 "In restraining the instigators of WWII; Germany, Italy and Japan" ?
    Bullshit!
    The instigators of WWII were France and the UK when they drew up the unfair Treaty of Versailles at the end of WWI.

  • Reply Arthur Downey April 30, 2019 at 6:56 pm

    If that cup has beer in it, and it's only a prop, put some dish soap in the glass before pouring to keep a camera-ready head of foam.

  • Reply Hfar May 1, 2019 at 3:30 am

    "Or in restraining the instigators of the second world war; Germany, Italy, and Japan."
    Finland and Poland give Russia a hard look
    Russia: "What?"

  • Reply Alfred Morris May 3, 2019 at 10:21 pm

    Thanks for these videos. I am grateful for every upload and hope one day not to be broke as hell so I could support your projects! Until then I encourage anybody of the means to do so.

  • Reply Alex Hennigh May 6, 2019 at 7:16 am

    Still blows my mind that the Soviet Union existed. After many long hours of conversations with my Ukrainian friend I can't help but wonder every single time how in the actual fuck did a people allow such a thing to happen?

  • Reply Alexandros Naoum May 13, 2019 at 7:10 pm

    There is a lot of Soviet point of view (and more videos) than Western point view. This is kind of bias approach since we would like to see how you will present the Western views.

  • Reply Nonamearisto June 1, 2019 at 7:40 am

    So, the UN was partially created by the USSR? That's yet another point against that corrupt, ineffective mess. Can you believe that they let Saudi Arabia on a human rights council? That's like letting a Nazi sit on the tribunal at Nuremberg!

  • Reply Артур Бурак June 11, 2019 at 6:46 pm

    UKRAINE IS PRONOUNCED WITHOUT ARTICLES

  • Reply Camila Rodríguez July 16, 2019 at 9:13 am

    Having an atomic bomb does not win the United States who never defeated Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. The USSR won the Second World War defeating Nazi-fascist imperialism and the Empire of Japan, that is the reality that bourgeois historians do not want to rebel that alter reality.

    I can summarize the cold war in three words: Love, Hate and Propaganda.

    Love of capitalism and everything it represents.

    I hate communism and everything it represents.

    Propaganda (made by the lackeys of US imperialism and the satellite countries of US imperialism such as the United Kingdom and France, among other countries that seek to denigrate communism).

  • Reply Camila Rodríguez July 16, 2019 at 9:19 am

    Having an atomic bomb does not win the United States who never defeated Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. The USSR won the Second World War defeating Nazi-fascist imperialism and the Empire of Japan, that is the reality that bourgeois historians do not want to rebel that alter reality.

    I can summarize the cold war in three words: Love, Hate and Propaganda.

    Love of capitalism and everything it represents.

    I hate communism and everything it represents.

    Propaganda (made by the lackeys of US imperialism and the satellite countries of US imperialism such as the United Kingdom and France, among other countries that seek to denigrate communism).

    Tyranny, slavery, oppression and intolerance, it is ironic that these characteristics are fulfilled by the fascist empire of the United States or US imperialism, because US imperialism represents in practice being a tyranny, slavery, oppression and intolerance.

  • Reply Silver Fox July 18, 2019 at 6:33 am

    6:10 – an incorrect map. Ukrainian SSR did not include Crimean Peninsula at this time.

  • Reply ozzyjames87 July 20, 2019 at 8:38 am

    So, the Soviets were the ones who made the UN toothless, why am I not surprised?

  • Reply ozzyjames87 July 20, 2019 at 8:40 am

    Thanks to the Soviets, the United Nations became the Eunited Nations we all know and love. (Sarcasm)

  • Reply Alex Kid July 24, 2019 at 10:17 pm

    Are you Kamenev's great grandson ?

  • Reply William Cox August 24, 2019 at 3:22 pm

    Roosevelt was on his last legs. Stalin would die soon after the war. Churchill was a lifelong alcoholic suffering with all the physical complaints associated with alcoholism. Hitler had a dozen physical issues, some hypochondraic, and others legitimate–he had been gassed twice in the Great War and was what they used to call a "lunger" doomed to opioid medications to control chronic pain . . . and methamphetamines or cocaine injections to allow him to function more or less normally*.
    It seems that, of all the major leaders of WW2, Chiang Kai-Shek was one of the healthiest**. His longevity benefited nobody in particular, except Joe McCarthy in his ongoing grudge against "Commies" everywhere . . . especially among his noncommunist political rivals and their financial supporters among the entertainment spectrum . . . but never against corporate ownership . . . where the real communist sympathizers were hiding. Our two class society (the rich employ illegals to profit from economies of scale, while avoiding paying indigenous workers a living wage) is evidence of that**. None of the "Sick Men" of WW2 adhered to their high flown rhetoric; all were happy to make secret treaties and support the major industrialists by union squashing and worker wage freezes . . . but allowing tycoon profiteering Considering their legacies (especially the evil fallout of teaching Military/industrial owners that anything goes), perhaps we should, in future, choose our rulers based on good physical health, instead of soundbytes and teleprompter reading of speeches written by other men.

    *If you know any coke heads you'll see their "over the top" gesticulations as parallels to Hitler's bombast.
    ** The other one was the greatest criminal of the times–Emperor Hirohito . . . who was protected by the USA from prosecution . . . whose effing idea was that, I wonder (Douggy's pockets were full of Japanese art and military heirlooms and treasures after.)? No wonder Truman hated that popinjay who was once a legitimate war hero.
    * That anti-American trend is also antithetical to capitalism and led to the rise of personal communist organizations (Corporations) within our leadership. Wonder why "Commie hatin' Joe" never pointed his fingers there? Because he was their tool.

  • Reply Juan Sanchez August 25, 2019 at 7:59 am

    The U.N. was a mistake

  • Reply Roman Vasiliev October 19, 2019 at 8:11 am

    6:11 – there is a mistake on the map… Crimea peninsula was a part of Russian SFSR, untill 1954.

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