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Sovietization of Bulgaria and Romania – Cold War DOCUMENTARY

November 8, 2019


Bulgaria and Romania were both members of
the Axis in Second World War, allied to the German war effort. Both countries however,
switched their allegiances as the war turned against the Axis and by wars end, each found
themselves under Soviet occupation. Both The United Kingdom and the United States recognized
that these two nations were within the Soviet sphere of influence, giving Stalin the freedom
to begin shaping the future of the two countries, in similar fashion to what he was doing with
other nations under occupation by Soviet troops. I am your host David and this is the Cold
War. So let’s start by talking about Bulgaria.
Despite being under the control of a military dictatorship during the war, Bulgaria was
for the most part not a major military participant in the war. Keeping in mind that Bulgarians
are an ethnically Slavic people who share a common ancestry, including language, with
the Russians, waves of protests broke out across the country when Germany launched Operation
Barbarossa in the Summer of 1941. At the forefront of this opposition was the Fatherland Front,
a loose coalition of anti-fascists with a strong Communist membership. The Fatherland
Front waged a guerilla war against the government in Sofia, eventually successfully overthrowing
the military dictatorship by September 2, 1944.
Initially, the Communists had only a minor role in government, but had started creating
people’s militias which began persecuting supporters of the former regime as well as
non-communists.By June of 1945, Regent Prince Kiril, the members of the Regency Council,
twenty-two former ministers and many others had all been executed.
Parliamentary elections were held in November of 1945, where the Fatherland Front, dominated
by the communists won in a landslide, claiming 88% of the vote. Allegations of electoral
fraud quickly followed but were ignored. On the 8th of September 1946, a plebiscite was
held regarding the abolishment of the Bulgarian monarchy; 95.6% of voters voted in favour
of a Republic and the monarchy was abolished. In October of that same year, parliamentary
elections were again held, run on the need to create a Constitution for the new Republic.
The Communists further consolidated their power amid widely recognized electoral fraud.
Similar to what was happening in other Soviet occupied countries, repression and elimination
of opposition groups and non-Communists followed. Georgi Dimitrov, who was the head of the Communist
Party and had only returned from exile in the Soviet Union after the the war had ended,
became the Prime Minister and he declared Bulgaria to be a People’s Republic.
The Agrarian Party, led by Nikola Petkov, remained in opposition to the communists and
aimed to preserve parliamentary democracy in the country. Their refusal to submit to
the communists led to acts of repression against them and by June of 1947, Petkov had been
arrested in Parliament and was subsequently sentenced to death on false charges of espionage.
Although western nations protested these charges, Petkov was executed on September 23, 1947.
With his death, any remaining opposition in Bulgaria ceased to operate.
A new constitution was was subsequently adopted, based on the Soviet Constitution of 1936,
proclaiming a planned economy. Interestingly, the Constitution did not ban private property,
provided that private ownership of something was not considered against the public good.
It also accepted fundamental civil and political right for people, with the caveat that these
rights could be suspended in situations that could threaten the achievements of the revolution.
As I’m sure you can imagine, this left a great deal of room for interpretation for
both what rights people had as well as what private property could be held!
Of course, the political sphere was not the only one where the process of Sovietization
was taking place. The economic life of Bulgaria was also shifting. Under the Dimitrov government,
agrarian reforms began to be enacted. 130,000 families received land as a result of new
government policies which transferred land away from big landowners. This was a landmark
event in a nation where 80% of the population were engaged in agriculture and helped to
increase the support of the communist party. The death of Dimitrov in 1949 brought the
Stalinist Vulk Chervenkov to power, who almost immediately began to introduce policies leading
toward mandatory collectivization. As part of the policies, anyone who opposed collectivization
was imprisoned and sent to labour camps. At the height of collectivization in Bulgaria,
upwards of 100,000 people were serving sentences in labour camps. However, as a result of collectivization,
productivity increased rapidly, especially as large-scale mechanization was introduced.
Of course, agricultural transformation was only one half of the economic coin; there
was also a campaign for the rapid industrialization of the nation, introduced by Chervenkov. Under
his rule, from 1950 to 1956 dozens of dams and hydroelectric power plants, chemical works,
copper mines and even the Elatsite gold mine were established. The aim of this development
was similar to other nations in Eastern Europe within the Soviet sphere of influence; all
nations should be part of the industrial machine of the socialist world, preparing for the
impending conflict with the capitalist West. So, now, on to Romania. Romania, like Bulgaria
and Hungary, was a member of the Axis powers. Romania was a monarchy, led by King Michael
I since 1940 but under the control of the military dictator, Ion Antonescu. By August
of 1944, realizing the war was going badly for the Axis, Michael I threw his support
behind the army and the communist-led underground opposition and removed Antonescu from power,
declaring Romania for the Allies at almost the same time. Soon after, the nation was
occupied by the advancing Red Army. The Soviet occupation forces pressured Michael
I by March of 1945 to accept a government led by Petru Groza, leader of the Ploughment
Front, a leftist party strongly linked to the communists. This government appeared to
be broad-based on paper but in reality, Groza had named communists to the key ministries;
interior, justice, propaganda and economic affairs. The government did not even include
any legitimate members of the National Peasant Party or the National Liberal Party. INstead,
the Communists had drafted dissidents from each of these parties, heralded them as the
parties legitimate representatives and then sidelined the genuine party leaders. For those
of you who have watched our episodes on the Sovietization of other nations in Soviet Occupied
Europe, this should all be starting to sound quite familiar.
Almost immediately after taking office, Groza launched an agrarian reform program, where
landless peasants would receive free land expropriated from former Nazi collaborators
or those owning over fifty hectares of land. In areas such as Transylvania, this resulted
in almost the entire German population living there being stripped of land. On the other
hand, almost 800,000 Romanians received a parcel of land as a direct result of this
reform. The Western Allies, in 1945, considered the
Soviet Union in violation of the agreements that had been made at Yalta, that Moscow would
not impose a communist government in any of thier occupied states. Domestically, King
Michael was also unhappy with the Groza government, and protested by refusing to either recognize
it or sign and legislation or government decrees. The Communists however, just didn’t care
and went ahead with their plans without the King’s signature. Anti-communist Demonstrations
in November of 1945 were met with force, resulting in dozens of casualties.
In order to secure international recognition for his government, Groza made promises to
not only improve the human rights record in Romania but to also hold free elections. Both
the United States and Great Britain, in a stunningly naive move with the advantage of
hindsight, announced their recognition of the Groza government in February of 1946,
before elections were held and without any written guarantees from Groza. The West, if
it intended to press for change, had just lost its most effective piece of leverage.
Elections were held in 1946, but they were far from the free ones that were promised.
The highlight of the election was that it was Romania’s first elections with universal
suffrage. The downside was that the results were highly disputed. By means of widespread
ballot falsification as well as persecution of opposition supporters, leftist parties,
led by the Communists, took 379 of the available 414 seats in the legislature. The National
Peasant Party, the PNT, took 32 while the National Liberals took a mere 3 seats.
Internal reports from the Communist Party showed that the Bloc of Democratic Parties,
dominated by the Communists, actually won less than fifty percent of the vote. INterestingly,
the communists did much better in urban areas rather than the rural regions, despite the
agrarian reforms that had already been passed. It is claimed that this was because the majority
of women in the rural areas voted for the PNT at the urging of local priests. Famine
and drought in rural areas also contributed to the weaker than anticipated communist support
in these areas. The fraudulent election results and the strengthening
communist grip on power created a need for anti-communists forces to rally together,
which they did, around the PNT. This of course, led to the PNT becoming the main target for
attacks by Communist propaganda and the government. One of the PNT leaders, Ion Mihalache, a former
officer in the military, formed the Professional Military Circle to help oppose the communist-led
domination. This led to the press accusing the PNT of being a fascist group with aims
to overthrow the government. Communist politicians began to approach members
of other parties with the goal of co-opting them and they found some success with members
of the PNT and the Socialist Peasant Party. Under continuous harassment, the PNT leadership,
including Mihalache decided to leave the country to continue their resistance from abroad.
On July 14, 1947, they were arrested at Tamadau Airfield, outside of BUcharest and arrested
on charges of treason and of attempting to setup a government in exile. They were sentenced
to harsh prison terms in the labour camps. As a result of the so-called Tamadau Affair,
rounds of repressions began. The Parliamentary immunity held by PNT members of parliament
was stripped away and the PNT was banned. The leader of the non-communist faction of
the Social Democratic Party, Constantine Petrescu was arrested and sentenced to prison. The
leader of the opposition National Liberal Party was fired from his post as the Foreign
Minister. The majority of anti-communist politicians at this point were either arrested or forced
into exile and the Social Democrats were forced to merge with the Communists, creating the
Romanian Workers Party. On December 30, 1947, King Michael I was forced
at gunpoint to abdicate as King, after his palace was surrounded by troops loyal to the
communist government. Later that same day, the monarchy was officially abolished and
the Romanian People’s Republic was proclaimed. In the first week of January of 1948, Michael
I and his family were forced into exile and he would not return for 43 years, until after
the fall of communism. 1948 saw the adoption of a new Constitution
in Romania, based on, yes, you guessed it…the 1936 Soviet Constitution. The new constitution
did not prohibit private enterprise but it did emphasize the importance of state property
and the duty of citizens to increase it. The principle of a guided and planned national
economy were introduced while both domestic and foreign trade was regulated and controlled
by the state. The Constitution reserved ultimate authority with the Worker’s Party.
Now, like in Bulgaria, at the same time as the political scene was being transformed
in Romania, rapid economic transformation was also taking place. Like in other Eastern
European nations, preference was being given to heavy industry over lighter, consumer goods.
A number of join Romanian-Soviet ventures were established on a half-share basis, where
each nation would receive half of what was produced. These SovRoms were set up in such
fields as oil, gas transport, banking, wood processing, coal, and the chemical industry
as well as in the cultural field of cinematography. Romania was also a producer of uranium, which
was exported to the Soviet Union to be used in Stalin’s nuclear projects.
By 1952, a full 85 percent of Romanian exports were directed to the Soviet Union with the
total value of goods being sent by Romania being in excess of two billions dollars. This
far exceeded the amount of war reparations that had been demanded by the Soviet Union
from Romania. It is claimed that Romania suffered significantly from the unfavourable conditions
imposed on the SovRoms as well as how they were managed by the Soviet Union.
So what was the effect of all of this? Well, to be honest, it wasn’t good. The combination
of war reparations, poor economic management and the devaluation of the romanian currency
coincided with a severe drought and outbreaks of famine resulted.
In 1949, this led to a movement for the collectivization of agriculture. Despite a massive propaganda
campaign encouraging peasants to accept this movement, it was not enough, with up 50,000
people being imprisoned for their opposition to the collectivization movement. The Party
would only declare the complete collectivization of Romania in 1962.
SO as you we can see, the process of sovietization in Bulgaria and Romania was quite similar,
and followed the same trajectory as other Eastern European nations in the immediate
post-war period. The Communist parties were able to dominate the political scene by means
of fraudulent elections, the control of key ministries, effective propaganda machines
and the coercion of opposition parties, all with help from Soviet influence. Industrialization
and collectivization campaigns were carried out in both countries. Both also refused assistance
from the US-led Marshall Plan, thanks to pressure from the Soviet Union. The Western Allies,
wanting to avoid direct confrontation with the Soviet Union, largely turned a blind eye
to the Sovietization process, leaving Bulgaria and Romania under the control of the Soviet
Union until the the eventual collapse of Communism in 1989. We will discuss it all in our future
videos, so make sure you are subscribed to our channel and have pressed the bell button.
We rely on our patrons to create these videos, so consider supporting us via www.patreon.com/thecoldwar.
This the Cold War channel and we will catch you on the next one.

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100 Comments

  • Reply The Cold War June 8, 2019 at 2:53 am

    Although popular history makes it seem that the Sovietization of Eastern Europe happened immediately after WWII, it can't be far from the truth. Hopefully, our videos will help in changing this perception – each of these countries had events distinctly different from the others.

  • Reply KaptenN June 9, 2019 at 2:01 am

    It sounded like you said "oppress the bell-button". 😛

  • Reply Paul Goodridge June 9, 2019 at 4:30 am

    Is it just me or whenever I hear people's Republic Of ____ it's always the most repressive military regime there is.

  • Reply Balt21Raven June 9, 2019 at 7:42 am

    4:16 …….4:26…….SIGH

  • Reply Mr. Sarvy June 9, 2019 at 8:27 am

    Thanks

  • Reply Georgie Boy June 9, 2019 at 10:02 am

    My god… you always claim to be as neutral as possible, but when it comes to speaking about the east you always fall for the classic anti-communist topics, of repression repression and more repression, moreover you always claim that this was imposed by the soviets creating their own social-empire. Nevermind the idea of the international proletariat, nevermind that before the communist came to power this countries were right wing dictatorships with fascist tendencies or directy fascist, with the exception of Chzecoslovaquia in which the communists won the elections fair and square. Nevermind that people's life in those countries improved drastically turning them from backwards agrarian societies to fully industrial societies. I am sure you won't give NATO and the western block the same treatment, of being victims of US imperialism, where France was so indebt that they had to listen to the US every command, that they supported fascist dictatorships in Portugal and Spain, that they manipulated the 1948 Italian election in order for the communists to lose. Communism was really popular those days and it wasn't just soviet imperialism, seriously stop with that bullshit.

  • Reply The Black Prince June 9, 2019 at 10:42 am

    Really loving this channel.

  • Reply Ata Armagan June 9, 2019 at 1:49 pm

    I think you guys should make a video about Turkish Coup in 1980 made by Kenan Evren, to prevent a civil war between Far Left and Far Right.

  • Reply Olejnik June 9, 2019 at 5:57 pm

    Excuse me but I'm curious will u include Africa in your series? I mean Africa was the major battlefield for Cold war Superpowers to fight by proxhy wars, for example South African border war, Rhodesians bush war and my favourite Ogaden war when Somalia was rich and powerful and wanted to create Greater Somalia, keep up the great work sir I would love to see it more often!

  • Reply Gabriel Inostroza June 9, 2019 at 11:42 pm

    "Fradulent elections, violence and the west allowing it to happen" describes every single one of these soviet bloc countries, it's almost like they wanted the Soviet Union to become a horrifying monster.

  • Reply WhiteStar762 June 10, 2019 at 2:26 am

    I find it interesting that the seizure and distribution of land is cast in a positive light.

  • Reply joseph stalin June 10, 2019 at 4:19 am

    Switching their allegiances

    Hmm reminds me of italy.

  • Reply KikirikiSemenke357 June 10, 2019 at 9:32 am

    It would be interested to make video about communist Yugoslavia during cold war.

  • Reply Веселин Василев June 12, 2019 at 11:37 am

    Black days for the Bulgarian long history!!!

  • Reply malleableconcrete June 12, 2019 at 7:12 pm

    I'm really enjoying all this content about the Soviet Union and it's adjacent states at the beginnings of the Cold War, but is there any possibility that you could do some episodes that go in depth to the United States, its society, world position, economy and politics at this same time? I know it's a very well worn topic in comparison and overall this stuff is more educational in the truest sense of the word but it would be good to be given some of that context.

  • Reply Robert June 13, 2019 at 10:42 am

    One fact that isn't mentioned is that Yugoslavia invited Bulgaria to join it in a union called the Balkan Federation however this was stopped by the Soviet influence after the breaking of relations between Stalin and Tito. Not exactly the most relevant but its implications meant that Bulgaria would not move away from the Soviets and would project its interests within the Balkans.

  • Reply keeroy June 13, 2019 at 6:43 pm

    communism = the biggest evil ever.

  • Reply Mustiq June 13, 2019 at 9:19 pm

    arkadaş sen hep sovyetlerin yapıp ettiklerinden bahsediyorsun. amerikalılar iran da nikaragua da küba da neler yaptılar ondan da bahsetsene

  • Reply fentagin1917 June 14, 2019 at 2:17 pm

    ANTI-COMMUNIST TRASH VIDEOS REWRITING HISTORY…

  • Reply AgainstTheSystem .ATS June 15, 2019 at 3:09 pm

    After the WWII,for about a decade,Romania was robbed by USSR thru SOVROMS.After 1989,and the fall of comunist,Romania is robbed by the west(USA,UE) thru different means.
    As a romanian that lived under both regimes i ca tell you that comunist where better.ONLY thiefs,lazy and other kind of criminals or parasites suffered under comunist rule.
    If you dont belive me,search some hard facts about Romania social and economic status b4 1890 and after.

  • Reply kalo dos June 15, 2019 at 3:41 pm

    "Similar ancestry as the russians" REEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE

  • Reply Dave S. June 15, 2019 at 4:52 pm

    He who votes means nothing He who counts the votes means everything

  • Reply John Mason June 15, 2019 at 6:49 pm

    the first Bulgarian kingdom was founded by Bulgar Turks. A people who converted to Christianity. Bulgar is a Turkic word.

  • Reply Patton360 games June 15, 2019 at 7:19 pm

    Great video loving this channel so far

  • Reply Drue-Michael Buono June 15, 2019 at 10:45 pm

    Communists always call everyone but them Fascist

  • Reply Lucas Johnson June 16, 2019 at 12:42 am

    Why do communist regimes always name themselves "people's republic" or "democratic people's republic" etc? They are not the people's at all! They are just autocratic single party states!

  • Reply t c June 16, 2019 at 12:22 pm

    Please do a vid on the Pitesti Experiment.

  • Reply Cristian Iancu June 17, 2019 at 4:51 pm

    Many people in the west today think that communism is the best solution. Learn from the Eastern Europe that that's not the case.

  • Reply Boris Nikolić June 17, 2019 at 6:07 pm

    You should make a video about (attempted) sovietization of Yugoslavia. It is not mentioned much, but I guess situation was actually more interesting then in other "normal" communist counties.

  • Reply Zeama Gogu June 17, 2019 at 6:26 pm

    The communists in Romania never gave an inch of land to the peasants. It is all a hoax fed to the west. Antonescu was pro-American and wanted them to land in Albania in place of Italy. To fend off the Russians as a Hitler supporter and surrender to the americans and then step down. In the election the frowed was simple: the pnt votes were counted as communist. Ask me more if you want to make more videos regarding Romania. Any era.

  • Reply John Doe June 17, 2019 at 11:40 pm

    There's a reason virtually every Romanian I have ever met HATES Communists.

  • Reply ray bon June 18, 2019 at 2:53 pm

    millaniells have become politically homeless. continuing to search through the junk yards and trash cans, of now, failed Soviet states looking to find some way some place socialism may have worked. Even briefly or small level. Our Sons and daughters turn away from it. support capitalisim it's the system you will be inheriting.

  • Reply Normie in Murica June 19, 2019 at 3:23 pm

    What if you took a photo of the diagram and graphed it, then calculated it as a quadratic (you get very close to the actual answer without doing too much complicated math)

  • Reply Dato Mekoshvili June 19, 2019 at 6:45 pm

    Bulgaria and Russia don't share language, it's like saying Dutch and Norwegians share language because they both have Germanic origins.

  • Reply I'm Only A Man And I Will Die Some Day June 19, 2019 at 9:31 pm

    Communists persecuting non-communists!? No way….

    /s

  • Reply Triangle Detecting June 19, 2019 at 10:52 pm

    Dirty Communist

  • Reply Raul #Games June 20, 2019 at 2:02 am

    Talk about the Romanian opossition of invasion of Czechoslovakia . Sorry for my english

  • Reply Dovran Rahmedov June 20, 2019 at 3:49 am

    full of propaganda and lack of basic knowledge.

  • Reply Anvox -The original one June 21, 2019 at 5:00 am

    Actually the communist in Bulgaria took power on 9th of September not 2nd of September after the Red army occupied half of the country.BTW nice vid

  • Reply Eh, An old account June 21, 2019 at 6:08 am

    Notice how gradually as Germans leave eastern European countries they become shitty, coincidence I think not.

  • Reply Virtuozzo! June 21, 2019 at 9:52 am

    Im from Bulgaria and communism was the best thing that ever happended to my country ,FUCK NATO AND USA!

  • Reply Emil Penkov June 21, 2019 at 10:15 am

    Communism destroyed Bulgaria.

  • Reply pepsi78 June 21, 2019 at 1:56 pm

    They.are.similar.till.the.60's.them.they.are.not.
    After.the.60's.yet.an.official.ally.of.the.Soviet.Union.on.paper.Romania.is.sort.of.anti.soviet.union.yet.a.communist.republic.

    The.Romanian.government.was.paranoied.at.that.time.with.the.Soviets,.Soviet.spies.

    The.Russians.wanted.to.Assasinate.Ceausescu.because.he.was.against.them.
    They.wanted.to.call.him.in.a.visit.at.Moscow.and.poison.him.poison.his.drink.or.food.
    So.they.warned.Ceausescu.not.to.go.and.he.didin't.

    Hahaha.comrade.but.they.still.waked.him.in.89.in.a.moch.up.trial.where.even.his.own.Lawyer.was.against.him.accusing.him.on.trial.of.shit.and.that.was.his.own.defence.Lawyer.

  • Reply Brian Smith June 21, 2019 at 8:44 pm

    Great episode. Hope to see one equally informative on the rigged elections in Italy when the south was denied the time and information necessary to make an informed decision, which would have reinstated the monarchy – of course, the south would have preferred the Borbone monarchy, not the Savoyard one.

    The Romanian vote wherein the Communists got less than 50% of the vote is similar to the last US Presidential election in which the Democrat's candidate received the most votes, more than 3 million over the Republican candidate, yet was not declared the winner – which highlights the fact that the US never has been and has never claimed to be a full democracy.

  • Reply Daniel Dan June 21, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    National Liberal Party. We had Liberals. We still do. It's the same like I call Alabama people Albanians.

  • Reply Nexus Mapping And Animations June 22, 2019 at 9:00 am

    Great video! Just one thing about the ending, no Romania actually was very anti-soviet starting from the 60s and so one, one hint: Ceausescu.

  • Reply lordav June 22, 2019 at 10:19 am

    Romania and Bulgaria were given over to the USSR by the UK in exchange for the Soviets not interfering in the Greek Civil War, as the UK had high interests in Greece's naval bases

  • Reply juke box hero June 22, 2019 at 11:41 am

    Effective propaganda, vote fraud, murder, sounds exactly like America today.

  • Reply Jigov June 22, 2019 at 7:02 pm

    This is the ,,dark ages" of modern Bulgarian history, which is 7527 years old.

  • Reply HELLENIC CULTURE June 23, 2019 at 10:22 am

    Bulgarians are not Slavic! they don't know what they are but they are mostly kind of tourko race

  • Reply An Dy June 23, 2019 at 11:30 am

    Churchill made an agreement with Stalin in 1944 about the influence of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe:

    Romania – 90%
    Bulgaria – 75%
    Yugoslavia – 50%
    Hungary – 50%
    Greece – 10%

    Churchill "sold" these countries except for Greece to Stalin before the end of the war, so Stalin won't continue a possible war against the Allies.

  • Reply Vasil Stanev June 23, 2019 at 2:25 pm

    I am a Bulgarian. The segment on Bulgaria is accurate. Could be expanded much more but not in the time available.

  • Reply martin corderoy June 24, 2019 at 5:34 pm

    Comrade Corbynov gave this a thumbs up.he wants to do the same to Britain.

  • Reply iok21a June 25, 2019 at 12:44 am

    And yet people still think the russians are nowadays innocent or that they desire peace and big USA is bad and wants war. Wake up already. Russia (ie its empire and USSR) has been destroying Eastern Europe for centuries. Just look at the baltic states, look at Ukraine, look at Romania, look at Moldova, look at Poland. Don’t forget Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia, Bulgaria. Russia is the pure definition of imperialism. It must be dismantled at all costs. Sadly, people condemn those that have tried doing so in the past. It well may be too late now

  • Reply Diane M Kuchins, too June 25, 2019 at 6:20 am

    get rid of the narrator. weird speech cadences, holds his mouth funny, distracting.

  • Reply johann glace June 25, 2019 at 7:50 am

    Hi David. Respect for this Cold War endeavor, from a Romanian. Having followed through your narrative, there is one aspect I'd like to emphasize – it may seem a detail, though I can assure you it's not -, related to the SovRom type of companies: they weren't 50/50 resource shared, but were one of the official means of the war reparations that the Soviet Union claimed from Romania. Thus, the lion's share was for Moscow, undoubtedly! So, the ratio was way different than what your narrative implies – I consider it safe to be called "pillage", that was done systematically and I'd appreciate your investigation in this direction, if ever. Of course there are other aspects that may shift the story – my support for the benefits of addressing these East Europe (hi)stories prevails, though 🙂

  • Reply Absolute Anonomity June 25, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    Bulgaria should change it's alphabet to break free from it's soviet past and russia.

  • Reply ionutz car June 25, 2019 at 6:37 pm

    communism is garbage.. f marx

  • Reply Anubis June 26, 2019 at 11:30 am

    1:34 This man looks creeppy af

  • Reply VitaminX June 26, 2019 at 2:09 pm

    Great video!!! Greetings from Bulgaria!

  • Reply Robert Mcgee June 26, 2019 at 3:33 pm

    Reminds me of today’s democRats.

  • Reply Just A Clown June 26, 2019 at 10:01 pm

    Fuck the rusians and fuck the jews.

  • Reply a pool player June 27, 2019 at 6:01 am

    romania has its part from 5:50 onward thank me later

  • Reply itsfuckedup June 27, 2019 at 10:27 am

    So the USA and Britain are responsible for destroying Romanias monarchy , installing Grozas government and handing over the east to those soviet animals, of course , setting up governments and plots ,who else!

  • Reply Dimitar Dimirov June 27, 2019 at 12:27 pm

    Just to clarify, we are not Slavic people, Russians were influenced by Bulgarian culture, but we do not share the same origin.

  • Reply The George Anton Show June 27, 2019 at 1:17 pm

    Thank you dude. That was great

  • Reply EdMcF1 June 27, 2019 at 3:31 pm

    '…Allegations of electoral fraud quickly followed, but were ignored…' Sounds familiar?

  • Reply PifchoBG June 27, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    we gave them letters and religon, they gave us communism. fuck you russia

  • Reply gabriel 000 June 28, 2019 at 7:39 pm

    Romania had to suffered the most from all the other comunist country club after the ww2 and until the fall of.the Communist bloc

  • Reply Ivan Emilov June 30, 2019 at 3:13 pm

    i remember my grandpa talking about tsardom times and how much more better it was than the later introduced socialist regime

  • Reply Plamen Stoev July 1, 2019 at 11:39 pm

    Now we are with the west nd God knows for what. No real advantages for the regular citizens. Communism came and built industry and population was growing fine. Capitalism came and thousands of factories being sold and closed for few dollars. Dying population and degradation. Looks like capitalism works only for the empires.

  • Reply Achban Ilacran July 2, 2019 at 7:40 pm

    Communism is a cancer that devoured eastern Europe and pushed it back decades…..

  • Reply TuckyAndrei1 July 2, 2019 at 8:57 pm

    ahead of the central comitee building a man keeps yelling 'we don't have food, heat, electricity' . after a few days the security picks him up. to scare him they close him in a cage and shoot him with blanks then release him. the next day he is in front of the central comitee yelling ' we don't even have bullets'

  • Reply Bogdan Birau July 3, 2019 at 7:24 am

    I come from Romania , sadly this shaped our country for ever , the effects and mentally are to be felt today mostly in rural areas.

  • Reply bgcvetan July 3, 2019 at 9:49 am

    That is sad history of Marxist dystopia.

  • Reply borislav blaginov July 3, 2019 at 7:55 pm

    sory for the bad english but u have to meik a spehsal for the Belene hard leiber prizon Alkatraz was piknik

  • Reply some loser July 3, 2019 at 11:08 pm

    All the commie keyboard warriors in this comment section. I bet none of you ever lived under communism. Look at modern day China. Better dead than red, friends.

  • Reply Cmb Cmb July 4, 2019 at 11:40 am

    Romania had it own form of communism, much more brutal than other eastern European communist countries. Ceausescu was like, oh you want communist, ill give you communism and proceed to take examples from North Korea.

  • Reply F. OPE July 4, 2019 at 1:58 pm

    Latin America in the future?

  • Reply Nessie Andrew July 5, 2019 at 11:10 am

    EE-ON

  • Reply Michael Pencio July 5, 2019 at 2:25 pm

    Socialist animals destroyed the future of central and eastern Europe

  • Reply 土星S A T U R N July 5, 2019 at 3:13 pm

    My grandparents were both Transylvanian Cooperative farmers. Nobody "received" land, as it used a gridlike system where everyone lived around the edges of a communal plot, however these plots were strictly regulated. Very little of the food ever saw it's was back to the people, especially during the 1970s and 80s. The only food security was the limited wheat on the edges of the field which were considered "surplus" for storage, which would usually be stockpiled and turned to bread later down the line. Transylvania was not a happy place during this time period, as the pre-war conditions really weren't as bad as the communists seemed to make it out. Many people, including the farmers, resisted, as they were POORER after the redistribution than they were beforehand. It was abysmal, as I've seen first hand, and my ancestors who were previously tenant farmers on larger transylvanian farms, were relegated to having less after their former German landowners were killed. They were not the only ones, 10,000 farmers and landowners were killed outright, with many more jailed. I excuse the longwinded comment, but I have no shortage of stories of the hardships and failures of the regime. I will say however, there was a good period in the late Georghiu-dej era.

  • Reply Patrick Bateman July 5, 2019 at 4:20 pm

    I wonder if this video is biased

  • Reply koksal ceylan July 5, 2019 at 9:08 pm

    Bulgaria never overcame the Russian yoke and still is chaned.

  • Reply Tsarimir Alexandrov July 7, 2019 at 7:49 am

    I can't speak about the Romanian part of the video, but the Bulgarian segment is plagued with inaccuracies: the communist communist coup d'Etat date, "military dictatorship" before 1944, "big landowners" in the countryside… just to state a few. On the other hand, great footage research, as I hadn't seen many of these images (Petkov trial, the beginning of collectivization, regent's council) even in documentaries done by Bulgarian National Television.

  • Reply Vorstellungskraft1 July 9, 2019 at 4:49 pm

    And we're still run by communist scumbags who repainted themselves as 'democrates', 'socialists', 'centre-right' and whatever you like… yay…

  • Reply D Snodgrass July 9, 2019 at 5:12 pm

    surprised to hear no mention of Ana Pauker, the first Communist prime minister of Romania. It's said that on a sunny day in Bucharest, she insisted on carrying an umbrella, snapping "In Moscow, it is raining!".

  • Reply Dan D July 9, 2019 at 11:52 pm

    Ceausescu made Romania in the period 1971-1989 to become like North Korea … the moron took NK model of government…

  • Reply Venci Petkov July 21, 2019 at 4:15 am

    If I could mention some very important points you forgot to mention.
    – First the Communist members were very small and weak. The partisans did not take the power alone. There was no some big spread revolt of the people. This is a myth.
    – The government which was ruling up to this moment was a legally elected government, it was not a dictatorship.
    – This elections was just a theater.
    – In other to come to power the communist power had to sentenced almost 10 000 people ( intellectuals, politicians, military , etc.) with so called people People's Court ( which has nothing to do with people and was unconstitutional. ) People's Court was just a political instrument to remove the opposition.
    – The communist regime which was installed was just a Stalin puppet.

  • Reply V I K August 2, 2019 at 4:20 pm

    Naive move (speaking about Groza's promise to the west for free elections in Romania) … really .. hahhahahahahhaahahhahah … ever heard about the conference of Yalta ?

  • Reply Eric Sell August 8, 2019 at 7:30 am

    Learning the details of these kinds of shenanigans that the Commies perpetrated in the Eastern Bloc countries almost makes McCarthyism in the US understandable…"ohh, so Edward R. Murrow spent considerable time in Russia, ehhh?? Maybe he's come back to be the public face of Communism! Black List!"

  • Reply Life Piece August 31, 2019 at 9:50 pm

    So what youre saying is , West good , East bad. So youre an American Propagandist !!!.

  • Reply zenigel September 2, 2019 at 6:56 pm

    Moral of the story, Communism doesn't work.

  • Reply 35slayer September 3, 2019 at 10:41 am

    So what's in the tankard?

  • Reply steve switzer September 15, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    excelent

  • Reply Kabutoes October 10, 2019 at 7:04 am

    Nazification of Ukraine

  • Reply Praveen Anekere Vijayakumar October 16, 2019 at 11:55 am

    Reminded me of Russia's meddling in India.
    India's popular Prime Minister – Lal Bahadur Shastri – died Mysteriously in Russia, following which, very pro-Russia politician Indira Gandhi become the Prime Minister.
    Communists took over India's education, intellectual, and media space under Indira Gandhi.
    She nationalized banks, distributed lands from big land owners to workers etc. After loosing elections, declared Emergency, arrested all opposition leaders.
    Everything sounds so familiar!

  • Reply suzercatel October 16, 2019 at 12:06 pm

    The Fatherland front in Bulgaria overthrew the government on September 9th 1944. I wouldn't describe the government as military dictatorship but more like authoritarian monarchy during the rule of Boris III. The military made coup d'etat on May 19th 1934 but soon after that in 1935 Boris III take the initiative and the army went back to the barracks. The same man who made the coup in 1934 then joined the Fatherland front and made the coup in 1944. His name is Kimon Georgiev and he is very interesting person. He made three coups in 1923, in 1934 and in 1944. He was against the communists in 1923 but then he became their ally.

  • Reply suzercatel October 16, 2019 at 12:14 pm

    And Bulgarins and Russians don't share common ancestry. The Russians are mixture of East Slavs and mostly Finn tribes. The Bulgarians are mixture of South Slavs and Turkic / Iranian tribes. The Russian and the Bulgarian languages are quite different also. There's old Slavic / Bulgarian influence in the Russian cause the Russians used old Bulgarian books when they became Christians

  • Reply Julian Ivanov October 28, 2019 at 12:24 pm

    One of my ancestors lost almost all his land because of the Bulgarian Communist Party

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