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Indonesian War of Independence – COLD WAR DOCUMENTARY

November 10, 2019


The Indonesian archipelago, long under Dutch
control, whether through the Dutch East India Company or directly as a colony, found itself
“liberated” by the Japanese in March of 1942. By wars end, three and a half years
later, Indonesia felt itself ready to be an independent state. The Dutch, supported by
their western allies had other ideas, namely that they wanted to resume their colonial
control of Indonesia. The political landscape of the island chain was ripe for alliances,
counter alliances, revolution and insurgency. I’m your host David and today we will be
discussing the situation in Indonesia and the rise of Sukarno. This is…The Cold War.
The Japanese occupation of Indonesia was marked by several features, consistent with Japanese
policy in other territories taken during the Second World War such as Burma or the Philippeans,
They actively promoted the idea that they were there as liberators from colonial rule.
They also actively recruited Indonesians to serve in the army. Somewhat differently however,
they did not grant formal independence to Indonesia, nor were they invited to join the
Greater East Asia Conference in Tokyo in 1943. Instead, the prominant independence leaders,
Sukarno and Muhammad Hatta were invited to informal meetings held after the close of
the conference. As the Japanese military situation continued
to sour and become more desperate through 1944, efforts were made by Tokyo to maintain
good relations with Indonesia in order to keep its support in both men and materiel.
To this end, independence was promised. Of course, it is vitally important to note here
that the Japanese occupation was still a brutal and oppressive regime and there are estimates
made that up to four million Indonesians died during the occupation from both oppression
and famine. OK, so we should talk a bit about exactly
who Sukarno was. At the time of the Japanese occupation, he was already a veteran politician,
the leader of the Indonesian National Party, and a firm believer in the independence of
Indonesia from the Dutch. He was willing to work with the Japanese in order to promote
Indonesian nationalism and independence. Sukarno’s leadership in the Indonesian independence
movement was also joined prominantly by Muhammad Hatta and Achmad Soebardjo, both veterans
in the struggle against the Dutch. Sukarno is also credited as the founder of the principles
of Pancasila, the official philosophy on which the Indonesia state would be founded. The
five tenets of Pancasila were belief in God, humanitarianism, national unity, democracy,
and social justice. He saw these as being necessary in order to govern the geographically
vast and ethnically diverse chain of islands. There was a generational divide among those
seeking independence; Sukarno and Hatta represented the older elite, who favoured a more gradual
transition to a free state. The younger generation, however, advocated for immediate independence.
One of these younger groups even went so far as to kidnap Sukarno and Hatta and forced
them to declare the independence of Indonesia. On August 16, 1945 Hatta and Soebardjo, in
conjunction with the senior Japanese leadership in Indonesia agreed on the draft of that declaration.
The next day, August 17, Sukarno and Hatta declared the Independence of Indonesia.
So that’s it, right? A newly independent country moves ahead on its own in perfect
harmony and nothing more ever happens? Nah, we’re just getting started!
So, August 17, 1945. Indonesia is now independent. Well, it has declared its own independence
anyway. To the Allies, Indonesia was still Dutch. Two days previously, the Japanese had
surrendered to the Allies. In Indonesian territory however, there was a lack of Allied troops
and as a result, Japanese troops would remain in order to maintain order until the Allies
could arrive. A Constitution was approved, proclaiming the
principles of Pancasila and enshrining the separation of the branches of government and
a Presidential political system, that still reflected some features of a parliamentary
system. There was originally a proposal that all Muslims in the new country would be required
to adhere to Sharia law but this was removed for fear of the sectarian divisions it could
create. In fact, the Constitution proclaimed tolerance of religious minorities! However,
this only served to create conflict with the Islamists in the country. But more on that
later. Sukarno became the first President of Indonesia, with Hatta as his Vice-President,
all approved by the PKKI, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence, the
body tasked with coordinating the transfer of power from the Japanese to an independent
Indonesia. Less than two weeks later, on August 29, Sukarno
dissolved the PKKI, and established the KNIP, the Central Indonesian National Committee.
KNIP was the new legislature, made up at first of 135 members and represented the vast geography
and social make up of Indonesia. It included women, youth, various religions, and importantly,
members from outside of Java. The KNIP allowed for the legal creation of political parties,
and vitally, was responsible to Parliament instead of to the President. By November,
Sukarno had agreed to all of this and Sutan Syahrir, a veteren nationalist organizer,
became the first Prime Minister. OK, so quick recap. Indonesia which had been
a Dutch colony before the Japaense arrived in 1942 had taken steps to become an independent
nation after the surrender of the Japanese to the Allies in August 1945. However, the
Western nations, including the Dutch and the British, didn’t recognize that independence,
despite the formation of an Indonesian government. To compound things, some Indonesians remained
loyal to the colonial ideas, some had worked with the Japanese, and then there was a divide
in the independence movement between the younger and older generation as to how quickly the
pace of independence should move. Some of you out there already know where this is heading.
The early part of the independence struggle is known as the Bersiap, which translates
as “Get Ready”. It was a period marked by persistent violence as the youth of Indonesia
set about attacking both the old feudal lords who had helped rule under the Dutch, but also
those who had collaborated with the Japanese. The loyalty to the new Republic of most in
Java was fairly easy to command, due to their proximity to the government in Jakarta, but
the farther away from Java one went, the more likely it was to find Raja’s, the ruling
elite, who had enriched themselves at the expense of the local population , who now
saw an opportunity for revenge. Pemuda, which means ‘youth’ in Indonesian,
was the blanket term for these youth-dominated organizations pursuing armed actions to increase
their power and influence. As early as September 1945, Pemuda had taken control of infrastructure
targets such as railway stations, and even had their own radio transmitters and newspapers
to carry out independent propaganda campaigns. Pemuda operated vast militias all across the
country and importantly some of their violence was targeted towards Dutch-internees, Eurasians,
Chinese and Ambonese. Leftist groups also became prominent, with
the Marxist Tan Malaka being among the strongest. Malaka considered the older generation of
Nationalists, like Sukarno, to not be resolute enough in pursuing true Independence and set
about uniting the various leftist groups into one single overarching coalition. The Front,
made up of approximately 140 different groups, called for both independence and the nationalization
of all foreign owned land and industry. To help push his message, Malaka organized large
demonstrations. At one point, he had as many at two hundred thousand demonstrators gathered,
and it was only the overwhelming popularity of Sukarno and Hatta that were able to pacify
this crowd before the Japanese troops, still nominally in charge of security, could violently
suppress the crowd. Now, although the Dutch were supposed to be
the colonial masters of Indonesia, the Netherlands had been critically weakened by the Second
World War and were not able to put together a sufficient force to resume control of the
islands. Instead, it was agreed that the British Empire would supply troops on their behalf,
until the Dutch were able to resume control. These British troops began arriving in late
September of 1945 but, as you can imagine, were not made to feel very welcome by the
republican Indonesians! It became clear to Sukarno and his government
that an army would need to be formed as quickly as possible. However, as the Japanese had
disarmed all the preexisting Indonesain forces before their surrender to the Allies, any
military force put together would have to be an amalgam of various independent units
that had formed around charismatic leaders as opposed to a centrally organized and controlled
command structure. SO of course, this hastily assembled Indonesian
army took on the British troops that had come to occupy their newly independent nation.
The largest battle in the conflict took place quite early, in October of 1945, over the
city of Surabaya, at the eastern end of the island of Java. The British moved into the
region, looking to expel the Indonesian army. The battle for control of the city lasted
more than three weeks, but ultimately the better armed and better disciplined British
troops succeeded in taking Surabaya. But, in a case of losing the battle but winning
the war, the Battle of Surabaya proved to be a major rallying point for the Republicans,
greatly magnifying local support for the independence of Indonesia. This rallying cry of popular
support also helped convince the British that should remain neutral during their time in
the country, and even led them to withdraw support for a return of Dutch colonialism.
However, the Dutch did return. It took until November of 1946 for up to fifty thousand
Dutch troops to arrive and relieve the British but they did arrive. Their occupation of places
like Jakarta, Sulawesi and other regions was met with hostility and violence.
With the violence escalating, and international pressure mounting against both sides to do
something about it, the Indonesian Republicans and Dutch representatives met and came to
an agreement. What became known as the Linggadjati Agreement stipulated that the Dutch recognized
the Republic of Indonesia would have defacto control over Java, Sumatra and Madura. In
exchange, Sukarno and his government agreed that the Republic of Indonesia would be one
of three members states in a United States of Indonesia, which would itself be under
Dutch sovereignty. Confused? I know I was when I first saw this agreement…
Anyway, the Agreement went on to clarify that any region unwilling to enter the United States
could do so, but it had to be done via the public will. It was at best a compromise,
and like many compromises, it left the radicals on both sides quite unhappy. This unhappiness
manifested itself when the Dutch Parliament, while ratifying the agreement, gave their
own “elucidation”. They decided that not all of the former Dutch East Indies territory
would be part of the United States of Indonesia, and West Papua would be retained as a colony,
mostly so the religious lobby in the Netherlands could continue their missionary work there.
That “Eulicidation” was less about clarity and more about trying to retain power and
influence. Sukarno and Hatta for their part had to once
again rely on their own personal influence to get the agreement ratified back home. They
went so far as threatening to resign if the KNIP didn’t ratify the Agreement. Only that
way, oh! And expanding the membership of the KNIP to 514 seats to achieve a majority, were
the two statesmen able to get the agreement passed. The appointment of friendly Republics
was necessary to offset the opposition coalitions that had formed, the Left Wing and the Republican
Fortress. When the agreement was officially signed in
Jakarta on March 25, 1947 it was met with celebrations across Indonesia. But, as you
can see from the time stamp on this video, the struggle was still far from over.
The Dutch quickly became unhappy with the Republicans, especially around their attempts
to establish their own separate foreign relations with other countries. A series of demands
were issued by the Dutch, including the halting of establishment of relations with foreign
powers, a reiteration of Dutch sovereignty, the allowance of a joint police force into
Indonesian territory and the lifting of a food blockade into Dutch-controlled areas.
The Indonesian rejection of these demands prompted the Dutch to respond with military
force. Operation Product was designed to secure more
territory from the Indonesians and thereby regain access to sugar, oil, and rubber supplies
to make sure the Dutch could properly finance the one hundred thousand Dutch troops that
had been deployed to Indonesia. The operation quickly led to the occupation of large areas
of both Java and Sumatra. The Republican response was, i’m sure you’ve
already guessed, guerilla warfare. The Dutch response to THAT was a blockade and even air
strikes. The ensuing violence was such that, by August 1, 1947 an Australian call for a
ceasefire was passed in the United Nations Security COuncil. Several weeks later, a US
proposal was also passed allowing for UN assistance in brokering a ceasefire, creating the Committee
of Good Offices, made up of a representative from the Netherlands, one from Indonesia and
one from a mutually selected country, in this case, the United States.
Negotiations dragged on for months, with lines of control and who could or would be able
to join a Republic of Indonesia being the main sticking points. The eventual Renville
Agreement was signed on January 17, 1948 using the Van Mook line as the de-facto border.
The Renville Agreement allowed for a further negotiated settlement to be worked on without
ongoing fighting. OK! So a ceasefire is in place, which means
the violence is over, right? Nope. It’s just that the violence was now less directed
at the Dutch, and now more focused internally, between various Indonesian political groups
as they fought for control of the Republic of Indonesia. One of the most significant
of these groups was the Democratic People’s Front, the FDR. This was a coalition of several
leftist groups including the Communist Party of Indonesia and the Socialist Party. They
did not want any negotiation with the Dutch and even called for the nationalization of
all Dutch assets in Indonesia. It was strongly supported in the labour movements as you would
expect, but also in the armed forces. This of course came to a head when Vice-President
Hatta decided to launch his rationalization reforms, which included reducing the size
of the armed forces to approximately 57,000 men. Hatta wanted these men to return to the
workforce to help boost production and the economic strength of the nation. I’m sure
it was just a coincidence that this would have also weakened the power of the FDR while
also making the army less of a threat in Indonesian politics. The reforms had only limited success
as many of the disbanded troops either expressed their loyalty to the FDR or just joined them
outright! Ongoing strikes through 1947 and 1948 increased, demanding agrarian reforms
and better living and working conditions for all workers.
So a clearly tense situation exists between the Republicans and the leftists. So what
happens next? Well, the government in Jakarta rejects a consular agreement with the Soviet
Union and starts to tie itself into the American orbit. At the same time, a propaganda tour
through the nascent country by an old communist leader, Musso, gave courage and support to
the FDR. The result, of course, was an outbreak of fighting between government forces and
pro-FDR forces. The government response was to trigger a purge in the army of any leftists
remaining. The FDR led by Musso, withdrew into East Java,
centered on the town of Madiun, and according to Sukarno, declared a Soviet state there.
Musso responded with a declaration of war, despite opposition to this move within his
own ranks. Jakarta responded with military action and by the end of October of 1948,
the leadership of the FDR had been killed, along with up to twenty four thousand people.
OK, so clearly from this, we can see that Sukarno and Hatta have no love for Communism.
The UNited States clearly recognized this, and appreciated this! Thus, when the Dutch
relaunched offensive operations against the Indonesians, the United States stepped in
to help. Help the Indonesians that is. The Dutch Operation Crow resulted in the capture
and control of much of Java and SUmatra and included the Indonesian government leadership!
The United States, seeing an ally potentially vanish, threatened the Dutch with a cessation
of financial aid; remember the Marshall Plan? This US intervention led to the Dutch withdrawing
their claims to Indonesia and full sovereignty was granted to Indonesia by December of 1949.
A new, fully independent state that was firmly pro-American was established; a vital gain
for the United States as the Cold War deepened. However, the struggle for Indonesian independence
had cost over one hundred thousand lives and had created deep divisions in the new country.
These divisions would quickly assert themselves and decades of further struggle and fighting
were yet to come, all of which we will discuss in upcoming episodes!
We hope you’ve enjoyed today’s topic and to make sure you don’t miss these future
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100 Comments

  • Reply The Cold War October 26, 2019 at 4:27 am

    Support The Cold War and we can continue producing it despite YouTube's demonetization bollocks: https://patreon.com/thecoldwar

  • Reply アップルパイ November 8, 2019 at 2:04 pm

    What happened after the true independence was slaughter. The history recorded an unbelievably weird and bizarre events which somehow turn the anti-communist pro USA Soekarno (first president of Indonesia) into a pro USSR communist sympathizer. This then culminates into what's been known as G30SPKI (gerakan 30 September Partai Komunis Indonesia or The Thirtieth of September Communist Party of Indonesia Movement) where 7 high ranking Indonesian officers and their families/aides were kidnapped, tortured, then murdered in Lubang Buaya near Jakarta, which aim is to start a coup against President Soekarno. This led to the rise of an army commander Soeharto, claiming the power over the army (thanks to the deaths of the high ranking officials) which then he used to put all of the blame of the action towards President Soekarno and the PKI. After the event, massive propaganda were launch all over the country claiming the violent act of the communists as inhumane and calls for the end of the communist party in Indonesia. Under him, mass purge begins all over the country. Millions of "supposed" communist sympathizers and members were executed by everyone who are not PKI members. The victims were mostly Chinese descendants or labor workers who've shown their support towards communism. This led to a total control of Soeharto which by the time have already claimed the title of President after he called for an exile of the first Indonesian president, Soekarno who he accused as a communist and fueled the G30SPKI movement.

    Now the weird thing is…. the blamed figure, Soekarno had nothing to gain from G30SPKI which he himself requires the army to stand by in front of the capital palace to protect him. And Soeharto, the commander of the Army's Strategic Reserve gained control over the entire army thanks to that incident and proceed to create a totalitarian state disguised as a democratic republic. He then mimics the leadership of Joseph Stalin where people who even dared to criticize him will disappear along with their entire family and relatives, simply erased from existence. The infamous "PETRUS", PEnembakan misTeRiUS (mysterious shootings) were one of his way to send a hitman over any level of oppositions to erase the existence of the said individual. The history recorded on the events were made under the rule of Soeharto to be taught publicly through the whole country's education system, creating a publicly known history which Soekarno tried to started a coup directed at HIMSELF to promote communist leaders to replace HIMSELF and then failed so bad because he ordered the army who at the time was very pro communist to protect him instead of assisting the PKI. Even though he was well known previously to be massively ANTI COMMUNIST and pro USA.

    Me, as a kid who've been taught about this history in Indonesian school, I've always find it extremely weird and deemed Soekarno as a very very dumb person for doing something as stupid as that. But now, decades after the fall of soeharto, I begin to realize how fucked up it might actually be… Of course there haven't been much action attempted to revisit this part of Indonesian history due to the remnant of soeharto's power still lingers in Indonesian government. Soeharto then becomes the most corrupted president ever in the WORLD, but even then, people somehow are still being taught about the same history told at the time of his dictatorship.

  • Reply Darryl Halpito November 8, 2019 at 2:07 pm

    3:16 anyone whois weirded out about the "kidnap" is that the younger groups borrowed Sukarno and Hatta in a peaceful way (Nice video though guys! keep up the good work)

  • Reply Aya chanell November 8, 2019 at 2:21 pm

    Ngomong naon atuh wa

  • Reply Zeph iY November 8, 2019 at 2:24 pm

    great video, just one thing: it's,
    pan-cha-si-la
    not
    pang-ka-si-la

  • Reply Ibrahim Hamzah November 8, 2019 at 2:25 pm

    Did you know that Soekarno introduce the Greater of Indonesia to reunite Southeast Asia. But at same time Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj Malaysia Prime Minister introduce Asean to reunite all country in Southeast Asia. And Seokarno failed to his plan.

  • Reply Gilang Pratama November 8, 2019 at 2:26 pm

    Indonesian here, soekarno wasnt the founder of the pancasila. period.

  • Reply Bukan Adam November 8, 2019 at 2:27 pm

    You can not say a single Indonesian word properly (no offense)

  • Reply Peizxcv November 8, 2019 at 2:44 pm

    14:40 – that map is over water. Was it about underwater resources?

  • Reply Th3 Rand0m N0ctowl November 8, 2019 at 2:58 pm

    Do you know that sukarno is an crazy playboy?

  • Reply Agung Sugiarto November 8, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    YES, More vid about Indonesia during Cold War pls

  • Reply Farhan. Muhammad November 8, 2019 at 4:20 pm

    Gua langsung Belajar B.inggris Biar Ngerti :V

  • Reply Senpai November 8, 2019 at 4:22 pm

    Good content 🇮🇩

  • Reply Myron Soeqinah November 8, 2019 at 5:55 pm

    Poncke Princen was a Dutch army recrute who switched sides in the Indonesian war of independence. He thought the war was wrong and didn't want to die in a far away colony. On a day he walked through the barracks shouting ''FIREARM INSPECTION!''. All the Dutch soldiers gave their firearms to him for inspection. After he got all the firearms he switched sides. My greatgrandfather was there back then (he wasn't amused back then}. Poncke Princen never returned back to The Netherlands. He is still hated among Dutch veterans. However he died some years ago.

  • Reply Myron Soeqinah November 8, 2019 at 5:59 pm

    The independence led to the bersiap-period in which Dutch-Indonesian mestizos and Chinese people were murdered and raped. After independence most of the mestizos left the country for their home country ''The Netherlands'' which they have never been to before.

  • Reply Azzriel Alberto November 8, 2019 at 7:28 pm

    Any Indonesia person except me is watching this
    🙁

  • Reply Oberon95 November 8, 2019 at 10:14 pm

    My Dutch grandfather fought in this war as part of the so-called 'police actions'. I think it's ridiculous that the Netherlands occupied the Indonesian Republic right after having experienced a brutal occupation themselves. The fact that war crimes committed by several Dutch and pro-Dutch platoons were swept under the rug in order to garner votes from veterans is also shameful. The Swiss-Dutch historian Rémy Limpach has written a fantastic book on the subject, called "The Burning Kampongs of General Spoor", which includes detailed reports of torture and mass executions of villagers during the worst of the guerilla fighting in the jungles of Java and Sumatra.

  • Reply Sgt.HoweDee November 8, 2019 at 10:18 pm

    We will never forgive the Commies!

  • Reply Yuda Gundara November 8, 2019 at 10:24 pm

    Soekarno died in pain..

  • Reply Muhammad Fadhil Raswan November 8, 2019 at 11:04 pm

    I hope you will talked about the G30S/PKI a communist coup that failed and led to the eradication of all alleged communist and the banning The Communist Party of Indonesja

  • Reply Steam Boar November 8, 2019 at 11:12 pm

    then : MERDEKA!!
    now : Skuy mabar ml!

  • Reply shootie November 8, 2019 at 11:21 pm

    i think your probnouncing it wrong you say it as "police action"

  • Reply Joey Emor November 8, 2019 at 11:25 pm

    Welp as an indonesian seeing my country being covered in one of my favourite history channel yaayyayayayy mantap

  • Reply normal man November 8, 2019 at 11:31 pm

    Back in the war we used bamboos not guns,guns is for noobs

  • Reply Frizoy 1011 November 8, 2019 at 11:43 pm

    I live in Indonesia

  • Reply dava satria November 9, 2019 at 12:13 am

    You see, even we, Indonesians, can also put up a fight, up to the point where the Netherlands called in the british to blow us to bits with their tanks, but we won with only sharpened bamboo stalks and rifles that we stole from the japanese. It's kind of ridicolous how Malaysia gets indepedent because Britain gave it, yet they are better than Indonesia in technology and archithecture grounds, and thus gets more attention and fame in the media, while Indonesia stood in the shadows.

  • Reply sidik purnomo November 9, 2019 at 12:53 am

    Nice history 👍👍👍👍♥️♥️♥️♥️ I m from Indonesia 🇮🇩

  • Reply ice cream November 9, 2019 at 12:57 am

    Being a half Indonesian, I always ashamed because not knowing anything about it.This video give me some ideas about how they achieve their independence,thanks:)

  • Reply Gurau Pedas November 9, 2019 at 1:54 am

    Indonesia: got liberated by the dutch

    Malaysia:

    *Indonesia when Malaysia got liberated by the british

    Indonesia: u british bitch!

    Malaysia:

    Nowadays~ tsunami happed

    Malaysia: sent help to indonesia

    *Calm~

    Indonesia: Malingsia! U dumb british cunt!

    Malaysia:

    *Moral of story~ who lets the dog out! Woof!

  • Reply BasketPropellors November 9, 2019 at 2:25 am

    Mind you
    in Indonesia, C is "ch" and K is "Kuh"

  • Reply ERWIN GUDERIAN November 9, 2019 at 2:53 am

    Sorry,not PKKI,but PPKI

  • Reply Egi Santoso November 9, 2019 at 3:14 am

    Love my country 🇮🇩 thx you for bring this video to us.

  • Reply Narendra Seta November 9, 2019 at 4:13 am

    fight for freedom…freedom or die!!!
    YEAH…WE ARE INDONESIAN

    not like my " neighbor" country where have freedom caused giveaway.

  • Reply Thy Nara November 9, 2019 at 4:20 am

    Hopefully Cambodia will get the spot one day

  • Reply Franklin November 9, 2019 at 4:28 am

    Bruh this country evolving backwards it hasnt do better since 1990s i was hoping that this country colonized by british empire.

  • Reply Wildan Argiyudha November 9, 2019 at 4:40 am

    WOW STALIN IS SPY US

  • Reply Reaper 1032 November 9, 2019 at 5:36 am

    I can say that all of these things that the video cover is true, they teach this in school.

  • Reply DunklerJägerZach November 9, 2019 at 6:19 am

    Indonesia, shouting "OK, Boomer" to the elder since 1945.

  • Reply GAILLARD Laurasia November 9, 2019 at 7:17 am

    Soekarno : "Hatta!"
    Hatta : "Yes?"
    Soekarno : " Get the Bamboo Runcing!"

  • Reply The Babayega November 9, 2019 at 7:23 am

    We're not give away country. Don't make us to get bamboe runcing (again)

  • Reply Dankiel November 9, 2019 at 7:58 am

    Sorry

    -dutch guy

  • Reply Atha Brilian November 9, 2019 at 8:07 am

    Thanks you for mke a video about Indonesia

  • Reply Rinaldi P November 9, 2019 at 8:09 am

    Hold on, I think you get something wrong
    Soekarno didn't hate communism, because he was a marxcism and a leftist.
    And when dutch tried to invade us again(we called it "Agresi Militer Belanda), the soviet union gave us weaponary and supply.
    But if you want to explain "the cold war" in Indonesia you should start from September 30 Indonesian Communism Party Movement(We called it G30S/PKI) event until 1998
    Just a suggest

  • Reply meme trackerforlife November 9, 2019 at 8:15 am

    That mug cup tho really cool

  • Reply M. Gavin D. November 9, 2019 at 8:36 am

    Disgusting Dutch, i hate them

  • Reply akmal tv November 9, 2019 at 8:42 am

    anjir ngapa lagi amerika kagak bantuin kita?
    why america is not helping us?
    -indonesia 1943

  • Reply Paok Games November 9, 2019 at 8:50 am

    I hate the us now

  • Reply Dandy Fantoan November 9, 2019 at 9:01 am

    I wish I listened to this instead of our orba biased history book

  • Reply 桜ラカ November 9, 2019 at 9:01 am

    Fun fact:
    Some of u-boat crew (U-219) were join the indonesian army to fight against the allied forces

  • Reply Migi_ YT November 9, 2019 at 9:01 am

    19:00 that footage was the landing allies (dutch army and british troop+gurkha) that was not the footage for Muso

  • Reply Lantis Gamer November 9, 2019 at 9:53 am

    Who here from indonesia?

    Comment

  • Reply Akmaru des November 9, 2019 at 10:38 am

    Dafuq PKKI?

  • Reply DAEDALUZ THE BASIC November 9, 2019 at 10:48 am

    Bjirrr :V

  • Reply Ahmad Fawwaz November 9, 2019 at 10:59 am

    'liberated by japan' haha thank you historian

  • Reply Vidiskiu Fortino K November 9, 2019 at 11:04 am

    Thank you for covering this topic. Don't be discouraged by the comments that enforce subjective knowledge on history. For a lot of Indonesians, the struggle for independence is such a twisted and tangled topic (including the propaganda of various idea by a lot of stakeholders) that it would actually be very difficult to distinguish historical facts from infused ideas. To date, there are various parts of Indonesian convoluted history that Indonesian ourselves debate upon. Anyways, kudos to you.

  • Reply animation maker November 9, 2019 at 11:24 am

    I'm indonesian (real) I'M serious

  • Reply Casual 7680 November 9, 2019 at 11:26 am

    Gue masih SD, SMP, SMA baca buka sejarah tulisannya Indonesia aja udah puyeng kepala gue, ini lagi belajar sejarah Indonesia pake bahasa inggris, makin puyeng aja kepala gue 😭

  • Reply Write Ride Right November 9, 2019 at 11:38 am

    Gotta mention the massacre of the Sultans and their families and the ransacking of the palaces in Sumatra towards the leadup to the establishment of the nation by the PKI.

  • Reply Aveo Hermana November 9, 2019 at 11:38 am

    As a native indonesian, this is quite the spot on video

    Great work man, subbed

  • Reply denison motovlog November 9, 2019 at 11:44 am

    Happy national patriotic day to all indonesian people!!
    (10th of november)

  • Reply Dylan's gaming and vlog channel Channel November 9, 2019 at 11:51 am

    wow nice cause aku tinggal di Indonesia

  • Reply Dylan's gaming and vlog channel Channel November 9, 2019 at 11:52 am

    BTW that was indonesian

  • Reply RONIE WILLIAM MIKE November 9, 2019 at 12:44 pm

    Japan: *attacking indonesia *
    also japan * got nuke by the us*

    KARMA 100

  • Reply Max van Driel November 9, 2019 at 12:49 pm

    Indonesië is dutch

  • Reply Nathanael Raynard November 9, 2019 at 2:05 pm

    Oh dear, prepare for them to come to comment a bunch of random comments

  • Reply Archikon Wiratama November 9, 2019 at 2:19 pm

    I am from Indonesia and you pronounce pancasila wrong

  • Reply Gersom Sarumaha November 9, 2019 at 2:40 pm

    Love my country

  • Reply Harun Suaidi November 9, 2019 at 2:56 pm

    Indonesians here. I never realized how much of a mess we were. We love to talk about national unity—our official motto is "unity in diversity—so we tend to talk about our nation as one, united nation who manage to take and retain independence through series of struggle against foreign powers. We don't often talk about divisions and infighting or even the fact that some people back then didn't like the idea of independence. We did fight bravely, but the fate of a nation is intertwined with other nations. Fighting alone didn't win us independence. We are always affected by decisions made by other countries.

    Whenever I learn about my country's history, I can't help but think that Indonesia as an unfinished story. Against all odds, we are united. Nearly 300 millions of people in thousands of islands with different languages and culture, united under a single national identity. It's almost surreal. Will it change in the future? Possibly. Is it bad? As strongly as I feel about my beloved country, the honest answer is "not necessarily". Nothing lasts forever. Good times and hard times come and go. We don't know what is the right side of history when we are in the middle of the history.

  • Reply safwan said November 9, 2019 at 3:11 pm

    the hypocrisy is just damning, the western world went to war with nazi germany because of its atrocity against other races and countries, meanwhile when the fight was over, they went back to their once colonized lands and go back to square one being an entitled prick. this is why still up to this day, people have strong sentiments towards white people/western countries in general. damn, i feel sorry for our ancestors who went through such brutal timeline in our history.

  • Reply kanae rin November 9, 2019 at 3:50 pm

    Well,
    Iam remember that soekarno have good relationship with father stalin and motherland USSR,.
    But communism,, thats is big NO..
    The communism revolt happen twice in indonesia,
    Luckily all fail..
    Iam so glad that they are fail.
    1 mention in this video.
    And the 2nd happen in 30 september 1965..
    The 2nd communism revolt in indonesia called "G30S PKI"

  • Reply Oneo Tuvalev November 9, 2019 at 8:49 pm

    US: if Papua fell to the Dutch, there’s no way we can take advantage of its rich resources

    Indonesia: LET’S LIBERATE PAPUA!

    US: ah I’ve got an idea.

    *communists sweating nervously

  • Reply The Mr. Man November 9, 2019 at 9:49 pm

    6:19 Is that horse on drugs?

  • Reply Galuh Pratama November 9, 2019 at 10:14 pm

    Inggrua kita linggis, malaysia kita strika

  • Reply Hugh November 9, 2019 at 11:59 pm

    G E D E K O L O N I S E E R D

  • Reply Rama Kun November 10, 2019 at 2:42 am

    IDK :v
    Hoi indo which one :
    Like Dutch or comment Nippon ?

  • Reply Katsuoka Ken November 10, 2019 at 3:49 am

    This video tell history so much better than my teacher in class lol.
    i know history is about reading books but when it comes to listening about history youtube can provide it in better way.

  • Reply David Wibowo November 10, 2019 at 3:53 am

    Siapa yg nonton ini 🇮🇩🇮🇩🇮🇩 Comment👇👇👇

  • Reply Captain Country November 10, 2019 at 4:47 am

    He has a picture of Stalin

    Wow

  • Reply Khaizuran Syahmi November 10, 2019 at 5:21 am

    If japanese manage to give Indonesia freedom maybe Indonesia as modern as Japan now

  • Reply Cute Krishna November 10, 2019 at 6:02 am

    Indonesia is one of the important country in the Asia
    Its economy is rising sharply with bright Future

  • Reply bangun parinata November 10, 2019 at 6:51 am

    Appreciate this from Indonesian !

  • Reply Rad Carrington November 10, 2019 at 7:04 am

    japan: we'll kill the indonesians by using this machine gun!
    indonesians: hold our sharpened bamboo

  • Reply Hrishabh Divya November 10, 2019 at 7:11 am

    the word that indo friends taught me was kontol

  • Reply Kality November 10, 2019 at 7:25 am

    3:03 Generational divide, huh?
    Golongan Tua : The transition needs to be gradual and we need to discuss about the proclamation with PPKI first
    Pemuda : Ok boomer

  • Reply Akbar Reynanda November 10, 2019 at 7:34 am

    November 10th 2019

  • Reply SPEK A NOOD YOLO November 10, 2019 at 8:16 am

    Thats my country Indonesia

  • Reply Larvivora Brunnea November 10, 2019 at 8:32 am

    Baguslah, masih belum ada komentar overpoud yang masuk di Top Comment.

  • Reply Wiggle November 10, 2019 at 9:59 am

    Dutch: troops
    Indonesia: literally only kingdom or hero

  • Reply farisan99 November 10, 2019 at 10:07 am

    Wow…
    i must say that this is very interesting story telling, coming from Indonesian myself. So far its not very bias and on point to some extent. Cannot wait for another continuation series where Indonesians had to face lots and lots of insurgency going on such as PRRI, Permesta, RMS, APRA, DI/TII, Andi Aziz, Daud Beureuh etc which some of were backed by the CIA, resulting Indonesia to choose side from western side (US) to east (USSR). ooo.. and Indonesia Communist Party or PKI (yeah, they comeback for sure, but approved by the president & parliament) and their controversial 30th September Movement (G30S) in 1965.

  • Reply AduDOMBA ABLE November 10, 2019 at 10:07 am

    No Nation needed to flourish love 🌷🍀❤

    Fuck you businessman politician 🖕🖕🖕

  • Reply sour pork November 10, 2019 at 10:15 am

    You teach the history of my own country better than my history teacher

  • Reply Lunatic Lunala November 10, 2019 at 10:19 am

    You can tell there are real indonesians here with their bad english.

  • Reply Irfan Abdurrahman November 10, 2019 at 10:43 am

    "kontol"

  • Reply FRENDY WOLF BOYS November 10, 2019 at 11:14 am

    PENJAJAH INDONESIA KASIHAN SEKALI. -Jepang bangsat -english NGENTOT -Portugis anjing – spanis KONTOL -FRACIS BABI LIKE KOMENTAR SAYA Ok Like 1 kill satu balasan

  • Reply Fernanda 's November 10, 2019 at 11:17 am

    How can you explain these stuff better than my history teacher? Continue your great work!

  • Reply Pemulung Berprestasi November 10, 2019 at 12:03 pm

    I watch this in indonesian heroes day 😄

  • Reply MC Gamer November 10, 2019 at 12:53 pm

    The Video: About Indonesia and Stuff

    Me as an Indonesian: The Expert

  • Reply Justin Liem November 10, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    i learned more from this than my 8 years studying this

  • Reply ocano saira18 November 10, 2019 at 2:04 pm

    Im from indonesia and i love you…..

  • Reply Leonardo Dennis Ewok November 10, 2019 at 2:11 pm

    Thanks for understanding our history lines. I hope more of our young generation want to studying their own history. For knowing their own origins.

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