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10 Symptoms of Dengue Fever

November 9, 2019

10 Symptoms of Dengue Fever . A mosquito-borne disease common in the tropics,
Dengue Fever, is a viral infection that can prove to be life-threatening in certain circumstances. The virus responsible for dengue has five
types, and exposure to one type usually allows for lifelong immunity against it but only
short-term immunity against the other types. There is no specific treatment for dengue,
and oral or intravenous re-hydration is prescribed in mild to moderate cases; for more severe
infections, intravenous fluids and blood transfusion may be required. The following symptoms usually signify the
onset of dengue fever and call for immediate recuperative measures. 1. High Fever. In a way, high fever is the most distinctive
symptom associated with dengue, even as it is a very non-specific ailment to have otherwise. Those who contract the virus typically develop
a very high temperature ranging from anywhere between 101 – 104 degrees Fahrenheit; this
usually occurs 3 – 15 days after exposure to the virus. Many patients complain of severe chills and
shivering adding to the discomfort. Mostly, over-the-counter medication is prescribed
to keep the fever in check. It is vitally important that one avoid self-medication
when it comes to dengue since several over-the-counter drugs can cause bleeding complications. Thus, if one has a high fever and other dengue
symptoms, they should refrain from taking any meds themselves and consult a physician
immediately. 2. Aches and Pains Across the Body. Most people with dengue fever also tend to
develop aches and pains across their bodies. These may occur in the muscles, the bones
or even the joints. This happens because the viral presence causes
a deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body, thus causing the body to ache. In a large number of cases, the pain is quite
severe, which makes the intake of nutrient-rich fluids extremely important. In fact, in people with compromised immunity
and those who do not engage in healthy food consumption during or after recovery may experience
body aches for many weeks even after the infection has been contained. 3. Nausea and Vomiting. In several dengue fever cases, patients suffer
from nausea and vomiting as well. This is because if the virus is potent and
the sufferer’s immunity is poor, the infection spreads more rapidly and affects the gastric
tract. Nausea and vomiting shouldn’t last for more
than a couple of days and should not occur too frequently. If it does, the suffering individual has severe
dengue, which is a life-threatening condition. Even with non-severe dengue, low-intensity
nausea or vomiting tends to affect the body adversely. Dehydration is also a serious concern when
it comes to profuse vomiting. 4. Skin Rash. Another fairly common symptom of mild to moderate
dengue fever is the appearance of a skin rash. In most instances, the rash occurs about 3
to 4 days after the fever. It initially tends to affect the facial area,
giving the skin a spotty, flushed look with patches of redness. The second site for the rash is the trunk
area where it may spread out in all directions – towards the chest, arms and even legs. Another type of dengue rash is characterized
by clustered dots which may appear anywhere across the body once the fever begins to subside. For the most part, the dengue rash is not
itchy. However, in some rare cases, individuals have
been found to develop an itchy rash on their palms and soles of their feet. Dengue rashes also tend to appear and reappear. They may get better by themselves for a couple
of days and then resurface unexpectedly. 5. Loss Of Appetite. People suffering from dengue fever often lose
their appetites. This is understandable as they may be more
dehydrated than normal. This loss of fluid needs to be addressed urgently
to prevent exacerbation of other symptoms. If the infection is mild to moderate, relief
from these symptoms should be achieved in about 3 to 4 days at the most. 6. A headache. The usage of painkillers to alleviate discomfort
should be restricted to those prescribed by a medical practitioner. Some over-the-counter medications may aggravate
the symptoms or increase the risk of complications. Headaches, lower-back pain, and pain behind
the eyes are most widely observed in dengue patients. While it may be tempting to take an over-the-counter
drug that’s known to alleviate these issues, it’s not advisable without a doctor’s
consent. 7. Abdominal Pain. Severe abdominal pain is a common symptom
of dengue fever. The feeling of pain in the stomach can range
in intensity from moderate to intense. The pain usually develops in the right upper
quadrant of the stomach. The pain can also be exacerbating by the vomiting,
which takes a toll on the muscles involved in the straining that vomiting causes. 8. Bloody Gums And Nose. Some people may also suffer from nose bleeds
and bloody gums after contracting dengue fever. This condition where one’s nose bleeds is
rarely life-threatening and is called Epistaxis. Most times, nosebleeds are benign but can
be recurrent. However, in rare cases, epistaxis can be severe
enough that it requires a blood transfusion. Profuse bleeding that doesn’t stop is grounds
for contacting a doctor. 9. Blood In Stools. After 3-5 days of fever, one experiences blood
in stools. Black stools, like coal tar, may become noticeable
for the patients suffering from dengue. The condition is called Melena. This occurs primarily due to bleeding in the
alimentary tract. If you notice this symptom, you should see
your physician. In fact, it’s important to keep your doctor
abreast of all of your symptoms. 10. Symptoms of Complication. A small minority of dengue victims may develop
severe dengue which is a potentially life-threatening condition. In such cases, blood vessels may get damaged
and become leaky, and the platelet count of the bloodstream may drop severely. Organ dysfunction relating to the lungs, heart
or liver may also occur. These developments then produce some symptoms
alongside the typical dengue discomforts. Patients may vomit persistently, often with
blood in it. Bruise-like formations may be visible on the
skin, which actually signifies bleeding under the epidermis. The presence of any of these symptoms constitutes
a medical emergency, and the suffering individual should receive professional medical attention
as soon as possible.

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1 Comment

  • Reply rizwan ullah April 8, 2019 at 11:25 am


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